Trump updated US on Covid-19 strategy on Sept 28, days before testing positive on Oct 2

It is not yet clear when and how Mr Trump contracted the virus. PHOTO: AFP

WASHINGTON (NYTIMES) - On Monday (Sept 28), President Donald Trump updated the nation on the administration's coronavirus testing strategy and announced a plan to distribute 150 million rapid tests. By early Friday, he had the virus himself.

On the days in between, Mr Trump interacted with scores of staff, donors and supporters. Even the woman he has nominated to the Supreme Court, Judge Amy Coney Barrett, has been at the White House this week.

The President held preparation sessions with staff members for his debate on Tuesday night with former vice-president Joe Biden, in the tight quarters of the West Wing, where officials who are tested regularly have relied on negative results as an excuse to forgo masks and other safety precautions.

He attended a closed-door fund raiser at the private home of a wealthy supporter in Minneapolis, and he appeared before thousands of people at a rally in Duluth, Minnesota, where most of the crowd did not wear masks. He also shared a stage with Mr Biden.

It is not yet clear when and how Mr Trump contracted the virus. The President and First Lady Melania Trump said they had both tested positive hours after one of his closest aides, Ms Hope Hicks, also tested positive.

Ms Hicks received the diagnosis after she began experiencing symptoms on Wednesday while attending the President's rally in Minnesota. Mr Trump kept his appearance there to about 45 minutes, roughly half the length of one of his typical rally speeches.

Early on Friday, it was still unclear how many other aides who had come into close contact with Mr Trump had tested positive, but the White House said its medical unit was conducting contact tracing.

Top advisers to the President described themselves as in a state of shock and said they expected a number of additional cases among people in Mr Trump's orbit.

White House officials had hoped to keep the news about Ms Hicks from becoming public, to no avail.

Mr Trump, for his part, has been fatalistic when talking with associates about whether he or others would get sick, describing the possibility as a roll of the dice.

His week included a series of events in which he played down the virus in front of crowds large and small, all without wearing a mask.

On Monday in the White House Rose Garden, Mr Trump boasted about the progress he said that his administration had made toward increasing testing capacity.

"I say, and I'll say it all the time: We're rounding the corner," he said.

He was joined by Vice-President Mike Pence; Mr Alex Azar, the Health Secretary; Ms Betsy DeVos, the Education Secretary; and the chief executive of Abbott Laboratories, Mr Robert Ford.

On Tuesday, Mr Trump was accompanied by all of his adult children and senior members of his White House and campaign staff on Air Force One en route to Cleveland for the first presidential debate.

None of them were seen wearing masks as they boarded and deplaned. Mr Bill Stepien, the President's campaign manager, was seen on board without a mask, and then was spotted getting into a staff van with Ms Hicks.

Onstage in Cleveland, Mr Trump mocked Mr Biden for his habit of wearing a mask in public.

"I think masks are OK," Mr Trump said, adding: "I put a mask on when I think I need it. Tonight, as an example, everybody's had a test and you've had social distancing and all of the things that you have to, but I wear masks when needed."

The President then addressed Mr Biden, saying: "I don't wear a mask like him. Every time you see him, he's got a mask. He could be speaking 200 feet away from them and he shows up with the biggest mask I've ever seen."

Few in the President's circle appeared to be taking any precautions on the Cleveland trip.

Those on Air Force One on Tuesday evening included Mr Jason Miller, the campaign strategist; Mr Stephen Miller, the White House policy adviser; Mr Mark Meadows, the White House chief of staff; Mr Robert O'Brien, the national security adviser who tested positive for the virus in July; and Representative Jim Jordan, an Ohio Republican. All were seen on the plane without masks.

On the flight home from the debate, Mr Jared Kushner, the President's senior adviser and son-in-law, could be seen in a staff cabin, speaking animatedly to his colleagues with no mask covering his face.

Upon landing at Joint Base Andrews in the middle of a heavy rainstorm, Ms Lara Trump, the President's daughter-in-law, and Ms Kimberly Guilfoyle, a senior campaign official and the girlfriend of the President's eldest son Donald Trump Jr, huddled to share an umbrella as they crossed the tarmac, talking and laughing. Ms Guilfoyle tested positive for the virus over the summer.

In contrast, the East Wing has taken a different approach to safety.

Mrs Melania Trump, who posted a photograph of herself wearing a mask on Twitter before her husband reluctantly and half-heartedly endorsed the practice, has made the majority of her staff members work from home, with aides entering the building on a rotating basis.

When she travelled with the President, she did so without members of her own advance staff, to avoid more exposure to the virus.

After the debate, the President's eldest daughter, Ms Ivanka Trump, posted a rare photograph of her with her mother-in-law, along with Ms Tiffany Trump and Ms Lara Trump, huddled together backstage, wearing masks.

But none of the family members wore masks in the debate hall.

On Wednesday evening, a small coterie of advisers spoke with one another about Ms Hicks' symptoms as they flew home aboard Air Force One. Ms Hicks was quarantined in a separate cabin. She exited from the back of the plane, rather than the front.

By Thursday, it was clear that something unusual was happening at the White House, aides said. Several staff members who had avoided masks were suddenly wearing them.

On Thursday evening, before his own diagnosis was made public, Mr Trump sounded raspy on a call with Iowa voters and in an interview later with Mr Sean Hannity on Fox News.

Some aides chalked it up to a busy week of campaigning.

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