Ever since the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbour by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service substantially wiped out the US Pacific Fleet, leading America to enter World War II, Japanese aircraft carriers have carried a particular resonance in the region now referred to as the Indo-Pacific. The more than 300 Japanese planes that bombed Hawaii took off from six carriers that secretly sailed to the Pacific Ocean. And while Japan lived to regret its actions, the immediate reaction worldwide was one of shock and awe.
We have been experiencing some problems with subscriber log-ins and apologise for the inconvenience caused. Until we resolve the issues, subscribers need not log in to access ST Digital articles. But a log-in is still required for our PDFs.