KUALA LUMPUR - Malaysians, especially the Malay majority, want Umno to remain part of the Perikatan Nasional (PN) government, a survey in late December by Merdeka Centre, a top polling firm, showed.
The largest party in the ruling PN pact has intensified calls in recent days to cut ties with Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin's Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia and force snap polls less than a year after forming the government together.
The survey found only 31 per cent of voters agreed that Umno should withdraw from PN, with 44 per cent disagreeing. Crucially, only 21 per cent of Malays - who form the majority in more than half of the 222 parliamentary seats - said Umno should pull out from the pact that unites the country's three main Malay-Muslim parties while 62 per cent wanted PN to stay intact. The other main Muslim party is Parti Islam SeMalaysia (PAS).
However, the poll between Dec 23 and 31 also showed the 1,202 respondents were nearly evenly split on whether Umno should head into the next election as part of PN. Among Malays, 36 per cent said Umno should go it alone and just over half wanted the once-dominant party to join forces with Tan Sri Muhyiddin's coalition.
"In our view, PN's dominance among the Malay electorate will be negatively affected should Umno decide to go it alone and, along with it, cast uncertainty as to the outcome if elections were held," the Merdeka Centre said in a press release on Tuesday (Jan 5).
It added that this scenario could create similar conditions to the watershed 2018 election, when Umno's six decades of uninterrupted rule was ended by Pakatan Harapan (PH), as Malay voters were split three ways.
Mr Muhyiddin and his party were part of PH in that poll but defectors in the coalition led by him joined hands with Umno and PAS last February, leading to the Bersatu president being sworn in as Prime Minister in March with a new ruling pact, PN.
But Umno chafed at playing second fiddle to Bersatu in terms of government posts as well as influence over decision-making, culminating in a threat to torpedo the administration's Budget 2021 during the year-end parliamentary sitting.
Umno stayed its hand amid concerns that Malaysia's efforts to mitigate the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic would be jeopardised if government spending was not approved.
The party's annual general meetings last weekend however saw about three quarters of its divisions resolve to ditch Bersatu and force fresh elections by March.
Umno's top leadership is set to decide on Wednesday on whether to ratify these resolutions. The Straits Times understands that party president Ahmad Zahid Hamidi - who has found himself sidelined by PM Muhyiddin - wants Umno's leaders to resign government positions by next month.
On Monday, Kelantan Umno chief Ahmad Jazlan Yaakub resigned as Malaysian Palm Oil Board chairman, while Zahid on Tuesday replaced the Umno-led Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition's secretary general Annuar Musa with his own loyalist Datuk Seri Ahmad Maslan. Tan Sri Annuar is one of several Umno leaders in the Muhyiddin Cabinet who still support cooperation with Bersatu.