In a move that will spur the economy and spice up Singapore's recreational landscape, the operators of the two integrated resorts (IRs) will pump in $9 billion to build world-class attractions including three new hotels, a 15,000-seat entertainment arena and extensions to Universal Studios Singapore (USS). A fourth tower will be added to the iconic Marina Bay Sands (MBS) development.
Meanwhile, MBS and Resorts World Sentosa (RWS) will be allowed to expand their gaming operations, with their exclusive rights to run casinos here extended until the end of 2030. But their gambling revenue will be further taxed.
To tackle problem gambling, the daily casino levy on Singapore citizens and permanent residents will go up from $100 to $150 starting today, while the annual levy is being increased from $2,000 to $3,000.
The $9 billion investment is almost two-thirds of the IRs' initial investment of about $15 billion in 2006.
IR operators have been allowed to expand their casinos so that the new attractions can remain commercially viable, but any additions will be targeted at "higher-tier non-mass market players, who are mainly tourists", said the authorities, including the Ministry of Trade and Industry.
If the IRs expand their casinos to the maximum allowed, it will increase Singapore's gaming space from 30,000 sq m to 32,500 sq m. But they are primed to grow non-gaming areas more expansively than their gambling operations.
On Sentosa, two new areas - Minion Park and Super Nintendo World - will be added to USS. The S.E.A. Aquarium will take over the space now occupied by the Maritime Experiential Museum, creating a new Singapore Oceanarium three times larger than the existing aquarium.
RWS, which is pumping in $4.5 billion, will add more than 164,000 sq m to its gross floor area, expanding it by 50 per cent. This will include a new waterfront lifestyle complex housing two hotels, retail and eateries.
At MBS, a new 1,000-room suites-only hotel tower will be built adjacent to its existing three towers. It will also spend about $4.5 billion on its expansion, which will span about 3.2ha of what is currently state land.
New spaces for meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions will also be created at both IRs.
The expansions are expected to directly create up to 5,000 new jobs. The IRs currently employ about 20,000 people, about 65 per cent of whom are locals.
A new two-tiered casino tax system will also kick in from March 2022. Under the new system, the first $2.4 billion of gross gaming revenue from premium gaming will be taxed at 8 per cent, while the rest will be taxed at 12 per cent. Similarly, the first $3.1 billion from mass gaming will be taxed at 18 per cent, while anything over that will be taxed at 22 per cent.
In a Facebook post yesterday, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said that the IRs have been a centrepiece of Singapore's tourism industry for nearly a decade, and their expansion will create more jobs and keep Singapore an exciting place for both locals and tourists.
Trade and Industry Minister Chan Chun Sing said the Government has reached an agreement with the IRs that "will keep their non-gaming offerings fresh while limiting the potential downside of the gaming components".
Mr Chan said that while problem gambling has not worsened since the IRs opened in 2010, the Government is wary of the dangers posed by gambling. It is tightening social safeguards, he added.
Mr George Tanasijevich, president and chief executive of MBS, said that the IR recognises the policy considerations behind the increased entry levies for locals and casino tax rates, and accepts "these are changes that need to be made".
"With the expansion of our property and additional offerings we're going to be able to create... we're comfortable with the commercial arrangement we have," he said.