The policies that will decide who wins Australia's election

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison is seeking another term in office in elections expected in May.
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison is seeking another term in office in elections expected in May.PHOTO: EPA-EFE

SYDNEY (BLOOMBERG) - Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison is seeking another term in office in elections expected in May. But with the main opposition Labor party leading in opinion polls, his Liberal-National government has a fight on its hands.

The following are the key policy areas that will determine whether Mr Morrison can pull off a surprise victory, or whether Labor will win power for the first time since 2013.

CLIMATE CHANGE

A key dividing line and an emotive topic in Australia - which is blessed with natural wonders such as the Great Barrier Reef yet remains reliant on mining and exporting fossil fuels to keep its economy ticking.

HOUSING

Housing affordability is a flashpoint in the campaign. After a five-year property boom priced many young Australians out of the market, Labor is pledging to scale back tax perks for property investors, known as negative gearing. But with the market now falling, the government says Labor's plan could crash values and derail the economy.

DIVIDEND IMPUTATION

Another battle is being fought over imputation or franking credits that allow shareholders to reduce their overall tax liability.

 
 
 

Labor is planning to tighten the concessions, saying they cost the budget more than A$5 billion (S$4.8 billion) a year. The coalition says Labor's plan would remove an important source of income for retirees.

WAGES

While unemployment has dropped under the coalition, stagnant wage growth means many Australians are not feeling the benefit of economic growth. Tackling the issue is another major policy divide between Labor and the government.

BORDER PROTECTION

The coalition won office in 2013 in part due to its pledge to crack down on people smugglers ferrying refugees to Australia and to "Stop the Boats". Its tough policy of holding refugees in Pacific island camps while their claims for asylum are processed, and ensuring none will be settled in Australia, has largely seen the boat arrivals dry up. But the issue is back on the front pages after Labor helped force through a law to give doctors a greater say in evacuating sick refugees to Australia for medical treatment.

INCOME & COMPANY TAX

The coalition and Labor have spent much of the past year wrangling over planned cuts to personal and corporate taxes, and the issue is set to take centre stage in the election. With revenues improving, the government unveiled pre-ballot sweeteners in the federal budget on Tuesday (April 2).