For centuries, since the first newspaper was published in Germany in the 1600s, news organisations had been the gatekeepers of information. Publishers decided what news or announcements made it into their papers, which they mass produced on printing presses and distributed to the public.
As literacy and the demand for newspapers grew, journalists were hired to report and write the news, and professional processes and values arose, with accuracy and fairness becoming the tenets of most reputable news outfits.
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