Bank of England sees Brexit impact on jobs and investment

A Bank of England survey has revealed that British investment and employment are likely to be flat over the coming year because of Brexit.
A Bank of England survey has revealed that British investment and employment are likely to be flat over the coming year because of Brexit.PHOTO: REUTERS

LONDON (REUTERS) - British investment and employment are likely to be flat over the coming year because of the June vote to leave the European Union, according to a Bank of England survey of businesses that leaves it on track to cut interest rates again this year.

The BoE's regional agents, who speak to companies around the country, found signs of resilience in consumer spending and the housing market so far. But they also detected a growing reluctance among businesses to hire and invest. "Investment and employment intentions had fallen, and were consistent with broadly flat levels of capital spending and employment over the coming six to 12 months," the BoE said.

Its survey showed the weakest investment plans among British companies since 2010.

The BoE has said it expects Britain's growth rate to more than halve next year to 0.8 per cent. On Wednesday, the Paris-based OECD think tank halved its forecast for British economic growth in 2017 to 1.0 per cent.

Also on Wednesday, Britain's official statistics office said the referendum appeared to have had little impact on the economy so far, but the longer-term effects remained unclear.

Given the weak growth outlook, the BoE is widely expected to cut interest rates, which are already at a historical low, to just a fraction above zero in November.

The Bank said last week most of its policymakers still expected to reduce borrowing costs unless their long-term view of the economy changed. That was despite growing signs that the immediate post-referendum slowdown will be less sharp than first feared.

Economists are also focused on finance minister Philip Hammond's first mid-year budget statement on Nov. 23. He has said he will delay plans to achieve a budget surplus and he will consider some modest increases in spending to help the economy. "While I recognise that there may be some difficult times ahead, I am confident that we have the tools necessary to support the economy as we adjust to a new relationship with the EU," Mr Hammond said in response to the OECD growth downgrade.

However his scope to boost the economy may be limited. Official figures showed public borrowing in August exceeded economists' forecasts and growth in sales tax revenue was its slowest since March 2015.

Britain's budget deficit stood at 4.1 per cent of economic output in the last financial year, down from over 10 per cent in 2010 but still among the highest for a developed nation.

"We suspect that the overall combination of subdued growth and more accommodative fiscal policy will result in ... the books remaining in the red by the end of the forecast horizon in 2021/22," Investec economist Philip Shaw said.

As well as weak investment, the outlook for hiring is uncertain too. A survey by the Recruitment and Employment Confederation showed employers are planning to hire more staff to meet demand in the coming months but confidence about future investment and hiring deteriorated.

The BoE said consumers seemed less worried and a separate survey by financial data firm Markit showed stable expectations among households about personal finances.

The BoE said it was too soon for exports to feel a major benefit from the sterling's 10 per cent fall since the Brexit vote, and companies would face higher import costs because many goods are not produced by British suppliers.