Telangana is India's newest state after the southern state of Andhra Pradesh was formally split into two on Monday.
Here are five things about India's 29th state:
A landlocked and predominantly agricultural area , the state covers an area of 14,840 sq km and has a population of 35.29 million. The 12th most populous state in India, it comprises 10 former districts of Andhra Pradesh and the city of Hyderabad.
The state's key sectors are IT, mining, poultry, food processing, dairy and farming. India's IT hub Hyderabad, which accounts for a bulk of the state's IT revenue, will be the shared capital of the new and old state for 10 years. After that, Hyberabad goes to Telangana and Andhra Pradesh will develop a new capital.
The state has 17 parliamentary constituencies with 11 won by regional party Telangana Rashtriya Samiti, two by Congress, one by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), two by Telugu Desam Party and one by All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen. The Congress, which took the decision to create the state, managed to get only two seats from Telangana.
The Telengana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) party which fought for a separate state was launched by Mr K Chandrasekhar Rao, who is now the first chief minister of the new state.
The demand for a separate state goes back over 50 years ago. In 1969, 300 students were killed in police firing in protests for a separate state.
While protests have continued with students at the forefront, the movement got a strong political voice when Mr Rao, Andhra political leader, launched TRS to fight for a separate state. The people of Telangana feel that their interests were not being taken care of.
India's parliament approved a Bill to carve out the new state in February this year, despite opposition from within a section of lawmakers in the Congress Party, which governed Andhra Pradesh. The then chief minister of Andhra Pradesh state, Kiran Kumar Reddy, resigned after parliament approved the Bill.
Those who fought for the new state say the interests of Telangana were never represented and the area remained under developed. Critics are upset that IT hub Hyderabad, which is also a hub for the pharma industry, will go to Telangana.
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana share the same language of Telugu. Urdu is also used in the states.