NUR-SULTAN, Kazakhstan - Pope Francis said Wednesday God does not guide religions towards war, an implicit criticism of Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill, who backs the invasion of Ukraine.
On his second day in Kazakhstan, Pope Francis addressed the Seventh Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, a meeting that brings together Christians, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus and other faiths.
The congress is marked by Patriarch Kirill's conspicuous absence. He was to have attended but later pulled out.
"God is peace. He guides us always in the way of peace, never that of war," Pope Francis said, speaking at a huge round table at the Independence Palace, a huge modern structure made of steel and glass in the capital Nur-Sultan.
"Let us commit ourselves, then, even more to insisting on the need for resolving conflicts not by the inconclusive means of power, with arms and threats, but by the only means blessed by heaven and worthy of man: encounter, dialogue and patient negotiations," he said.
The Pope, who earlier this year said Patriarch Kirill could not be Russian President Vladimir Putin's "altar boy", told the conference: "The sacred must never be a prop for power, nor power a prop for the sacred!"
Patriarch Kirill has given enthusiastic backing to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, which he views as a bulwark against a West he calls decadent. His stance has caused a rift with the Vatican and unleashed an internal rebellion that has led to the severing of ties by some local Orthodox Churches with the Russian Orthodox Church.
Pope Francis also said while violence in God's name was never justified, the "viruses" of hate and terrorism would not be eradicated without first wiping out injustice and poverty.
He said religious freedom was essential for peaceful coexistence in any society, and no creed has a right to coerce others to convert.
"It is time to realise that fundamentalism defiles and corrupts every creed," he said. "Let us free ourselves of those reductive and destructive notions that offend the name of God by harshness, extremism and forms of fundamentalism, and profane it through hatred, fanaticism and terrorism, disfiguring the image of man as well."
But merely condemning extremism was not enough.
"As long as inequality and injustice continue to proliferate, there will be no end to viruses even worse than Covid: the viruses of hatred, violence and terrorism," he said.
Pope Francis, who wrote a major document in 2015 on the need to protect the environment, said religious leaders must be in the front line in bringing attention to the dangers of climate change and extreme weather, particularly its effects on society's poor and vulnerable. REUTERS