QINGDAO (REUTERS) - China showed off the first of its new generation of guided missile destroyers on Tuesday (April 23) as President Xi Jinping reviewed a major naval parade through mist and rain to mark 70 years since the founding of China’s navy.
Mr Xi is overseeing a sweeping plan to refurbish the People's Liberation Army (PLA) by developing everything from stealth jets to aircraft carriers as China ramps up its presence in the disputed South China Sea and around self-ruled Taiwan, which have rattled nerves around the region and in Washington.
The navy has been a key beneficiary of the modernisation plan, with China looking to project power far from the country's shores and protect its trading routes and citizens overseas.
After boarding the destroyer the Xining, which was only commissioned two years ago, Xi watched as a flotilla of Chinese and foreign ships sailed past, in waters off the eastern port city of Qingdao.
“Salute to you, comrades. Comrades, thanks for your hard work,” Mr Xi called out to the officers standing on deck as the ships sailed past, in images carried on state television. “Hail to you, chairman,” they replied. “Serve the people.”
China’s first domestically produced aircraft carrier, which is still unnamed and undergoing sea trials, was not present, though the carrier the Liaoning was, the report said.
The Liaoning, the country’s first carrier, was bought second-hand from Ukraine in 1998 and refitted in China.
State television also showed pictures of the Nanchang at the review, the first of a new fleet of 10,000-tonne destroyers, though details of that and other ships were hard to determine from the footage, due to the intermittent thick mist and rain.
China’s last major naval parade was last year in the South China Sea, also overseen by Mr Xi.
Tuesday’s parade featured 32 Chinese vessels and 39 aircraft, as well as warships from 13 foreign countries including India, Japan, Vietnam and Australia. A total of 61 countries have sent delegations to the event.
Meanwhile, Singapore's Ministry of Defence (Mindef) in a statement on Tuesday said the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN)'s Formidable-class Frigate RSS Stalwart had joined the other ships and aircraft in the PLA Navy's celebrations in Qingdao.
"RSS Stalwart was part of the sail past reviewed by People’s Republic of China President Xi Jinping earlier today," the statement said.
Singapore's Chief of Navy Rear-Admiral Lew Chuen Hong and other senior RSN officers were also present at the International Fleet Review (IFR).
Held in conjunction with the IFR, the PLA Navy is also organising a high level symposium on Wednesday and Thursday (April 24 and 25) for the participating navies to discuss maritime security issues, the statement said. Rear-Admiral Lew will be moderating the panel discussion on “Jointly Dealing with Maritime Threats and Challenges – the Practices and Contributions of Navies”.
Following the IFR, RSS Stalwart will participate in the South-east Asia-China Maritime Exercise 2019 on Friday (April 26), held in the waters off Qingdao. "The maritime exercise will involve ships from seven countries and comprise various serials such as joint rescue operations, and communications and manoeuvring exercises," Mindef said.
Earlier, meeting foreign naval officers at Qingdao’s Olympic sailing centre, Mr Xi said the navies of the world should work together to protect maritime peace and order.
"The Chinese people love and long for peace, and will unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development," Mr Xi added, in remarks carried by the official Xinhua news agency.
"Everyone should respect each other, treat each other as equals, enhance mutual trust, strengthen maritime dialogue and exchanges, and deepen pragmatic cooperation between navies" he added.
"There must be more discussions and consultations between countries, and there cannot be resorts to force or threats of force at the slightest pretext," Mr Xi said.
"All countries should adhere to equal consultations, improve crisis communication mechanisms, strengthen regional security cooperation, and promote the proper settlement of maritime-related disputes."
China has frequently had to rebuff concerns about its military intentions, especially as its defence spending reaches new heights.
Beijing says it has nothing to hide, and invited a small number of foreign media onboard a naval ship to watch the parade, including from Reuters.
China’s last naval battles were with Vietnam in the South China Sea in 1974 and 1988, though these were relatively minor skirmishes. Chinese ships have also participated in international anti-piracy patrols off Somalia since late 2008.
The United States has sent a low-level delegation to Qingdao, led by the naval attache at its Beijing embassy, and no ships.
However, the USS Blue Ridge, the command ship of the Japan-based US Seventh Fleet, is visiting Hong Kong, having arrived in the city on Saturday.
A senior US naval official aboard the ship said the Seventh Fleet would continue its extensive operations in the region, including so-called freedom of navigation operations to challenge excessive maritime claims.
China objects to such patrols close to the Chinese-held features in the Paracels and Spratlys archipelago in the South China Sea, where US warships are routinely shadowed by Chinese vessels.
The US official said he believed an incident last September, when a Chinese destroyer sailed within 45m of the American destroyer USS Decatur, was an isolated event and other routine interactions with the PLA navy had proved more professional.