BEIJING (AFP) - China on Friday (May 31) accused the United States of repeatedly lying about the effects of the trade war on its economy, as Beijing prepares to hike tariffs on American goods ranging from wine to pianos and condoms.
Saturday's retaliatory tariff increase will cap a week that was marked by a heated war of words and Chinese threats to curb exports of rare earths, which are key to US tech industries, after President Donald Trump blacklisted telecom giant Huawei.
The latest target of Beijing's ire was comments by Trump stating that the US tariffs have had a "devastating effect" on the Chinese economy.
"The US side has said such lies not just once or twice. Every time China exposes them in time, but the US seems to be very persistent, even obsessed, and keeps repeating these lies," foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said at a regular press briefing.
Washington and Beijing resumed their tariffs battle earlier this month, after trade talks in Washington ended without a deal, with the US side accusing Chinese negotiators of reneging on previous commitments.
The countries have exchanged tariffs on US$360 billion (S$496 billion) in two-way trade so far.
Trump more than doubled punitive tariffs on US$200 billion in Chinese goods to 25 per cent, and launched the process to hit nearly all remaining imports from China.
"I can tell you, China very much wants to make a deal," Trump said on Thursday. "China is becoming a very weakened nation."
China responded by announcing that it would increase tariffs on US$60 billion in American products on June 1, giving some room for a potential resolution which has not materialised.
Since then, China has warned that the US must show "sincerity" if negotiations are to resume, and angry officials accused Washington this week of engaging in "naked economic terrorism".
The US tariffs appear to have already had an impact on Chinese manufacturing activity, which contracted more than expected this month, official data showed on Friday.
Experts note that US consumers and importers bear the brunt of tariffs on products going into the United States.
GIN, LIPSTICK AND FOOTBALLS
Now, China is hitting back on Saturday with tariffs ranging from 5 per cent to 25 per cent on 5,410 products.
Those facing the 25 per cent hike include:
- Beauty products such as perfume, eye makeup and lipstick
- Kitchenware such as ovens, microwaves and coffee machines
- Sports equipment including tennis table balls, badminton rackets and footballs
- Pianos and string instruments
- Liquor including gin, wine and tequila
- Other items include condoms, diamonds, industrial robots, tires, fabric, wood and toys
Tariffs are not the only weapons in the trade war.
The Trump administration has issued orders to curtail Huawei's access to American components it needs for its equipment - though a 90-day reprieve was issued.
Chinese state media suggested this week that Beijing could hit back by stopping exports of rare earths to the US, cutting off key materials used to make everything from smartphones to televisions and military equipment.
Chinese mines accounted for 71 per cent of the world's rare earths production in 2018, according to the US Geological Survey, down from 80 per cent in 2017 and 95 per cent a decade ago.
Cutting off exports to the US could give Beijing leverage in trade talks as China supplies 80 per cent of the rare earths imported by the US.
But analysts say China may be reluctant to target the materials because it could hasten a global search for alternative supplies of rare earths.