At UN, Biden will try to move past Afghanistan with climate, China focus

US President Joe Biden will be making his first appearance at the UN since taking office. PHOTO: REUTERS

NEW YORK (REUTERS) - United States President Joe Biden plans to defend his hasty troop withdrawal from Afghanistan on Tuesday (Sept 21) in a speech to the United Nations, arguing it was needed to pivot US policy to focus on a global challenge from China and climate change.

Mr Biden will make his first appearance at the UN since taking office as president in January.

He faces criticism of the Afghan pullout and his handling of an Australia submarine deal that angered France, a key ally in countering China.

He hopes to present a compelling case that the US remains a reliable ally to its partners around the world after years of "America First" policies pursued by his Republican predecessor, Mr Donald Trump.

"America is back. We believe in the United Nations and its value," Mr Biden said on Monday evening before a meeting with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

In his speech to the UN General Assembly, Mr Biden will "lay out the case for why the next decade will determine our future, not just for the United States but for the global community, and he will talk... about the importance of re-establishing our alliances after the last several years", White House spokesman Jen Psaki told reporters.

Mr Biden's message will be "ending the war in Afghanistan closed a chapter focused on war and opens a chapter focused on... purposeful, effective, intensive American diplomacy", a senior White House official said.

The US pullout from Afghanistan left Nato allies scrambling, while the lightning-fast Taliban takeover forced a massive global evacuation operation.

Last week, France recalled its ambassador to the US over the submarine deal that undermined a French plan to supply Australia with a dozen diesel-powered submarines.

France was outraged because Mr Biden, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a plan last week for Australia to get nuclear-powered submarines using US technology.

US officials said nuclear propulsion would allow the Australian navy to operate more quietly, for longer periods, and provide deterrence across the Indo-Pacific.

Mr Biden is to meet Mr Morrison in New York after his speech, and sit down with Mr Johnson at the White House after he returns to Washington on Tuesday afternoon.

He is seeking to talk to French President Emmanuel Macron in coming days to try to ease his concerns, but the White House said Mr Biden has no plans to abandon the agreement with Australia.

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A central focus of the Biden presidency has been countering a rising China. Mr Biden's meetings and remarks this week will be aimed at sending the message that this is an era of "vigorous competition with great powers, but not a new Cold War", the official told reporters on Monday.

Mr Biden will also up the US commitments on climate change and Covid-19 vaccine donations, the official said, without providing specifics.

The President is to convene a virtual Covid-19 summit from the White House on Wednesday on the margins of the United Nations meeting.

He will preside over a White House meeting on Friday of leaders of the four "Quad" nations - Australia, India, Japan and the US - an alliance seen in part as pushing back against China's growing assertiveness.

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