NEW YORK (THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION) - Eight out of 10 people think billionaires should help end poverty, inequality and a host of global ills, a poll showed on Wednesday (April 29), as funding shortages and the new coronavirus stymied hopes of meeting the United Nations' development goals for 2030.
The ambitious plans, known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), were agreed unanimously by UN member states in 2015 with a list of targets to end hunger and gender inequality, and boost access to education and healthcare by 2030.
But researchers said there was now a shortfall of US$400 billion (S$566 billion) a year to achieve those goals - with a financing gap of US$350 billion in the 59 poorest countries alone - which would have global implications.
"Philanthropy can step in and plug huge critical gaps," said Mr Michael Sheldrick, chief policy officer at Global Citizen, an anti-poverty group, which surveyed almost 27,000 people in 25 countries together with Glocalities, a Dutch research agency.
"The Covid-19 is an example of that," Mr Sheldrick told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in an interview in New York.
"You've seen this upsurge in philanthropy, and our hope is that we can channel this into funding the SDGs more broadly."
Organisations started by billionaires, such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Facebook, have donated millions for testing, protective gear and other campaigns to fight the Covid-19 pandemic.
Twitter chief executive officer Jack Dorsey earlier this month pledged US$1 billion to a charitable fund to help relief efforts related to the coronavirus pandemic, with money later to be directed to girls' health and education.
Chinese billionaire and Alibaba co-founder Jack Ma pledged through his foundation to donate over 1 million coronavirus testing kits as well as masks, protective suits and ventilators to Africa.
WEALTH TAX OR PHILANTHROPY?
The poll found that 82 per cent of people said billionaires should help and contribute to funding the global goals.
On average, there was more support for billionaires doing this through philanthropy, with 46 per cent of respondents in favour of voluntary philanthropic donations, but 35 per cent said they should pay a wealth tax to fund the sustainable development goals.
The countries most in favour of billionaires contributing to fund the SDGs were Indonesia, Vietnam and Portugal, while Japan, the Netherlands and the United States came last in the list of 25 countries.
The survey also found that people aged over 55 or aged 18 to 34 were more of the belief that billionaires should pitch in.
People with a higher education level were more in favour of billionaires playing a role, with 85 per cent support, compared to 74 per cent support from those with a lower education.
Experts have warned that the 2030 deadline to meet the UN's development goals is at risk as economies suffer in the fight against the virus, public financing dries up and international cooperation wanes.
Around the world, there are more than 2,000 billionaires worth a combined US$10 trillion, said Mr Martijn Lampert, research director of Glocalities.
"People see that billionaires have a moral obligation to contribute," he said. "This crisis shows the huge inequalities there are, and in the end I think every billionaire has to show his or her true colour."
The US$350 billion shortfall, a calculation made prior to the pandemic, breaks down to about US$200 per person in the 59 poorest countries, according to Global Citizen.
"We will need to tax high-net worth, especially after the current disaster," said Jeffrey Sachs, head of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network, a UN initiative, who was involved in the study.
"Budgets everywhere are in disarray," he said in e-mailed comments. "Inequality plus Covid-19 are leading to a profound social crisis."