Five things to watch in the first Trump-Biden debate

US President Donald Trump and former vice-president Joe Biden will go head to head for the first time on the same stage on Sept 29, 2020.
US President Donald Trump and former vice-president Joe Biden will go head to head for the first time on the same stage on Sept 29, 2020.PHOTO: EPA-EFE

WASHINGTON (REUTERS) - US President Donald Trump and former vice-president Joe Biden square off on Tuesday (Sept 29) in their first presidential debate. With five weeks to go until the Nov 3 general election, the stakes are high.

Here are five things to watch for during the 90-minute televised debate in Cleveland:


The face-to-face match-up comes after the New York Times revealed that Mr Trump, a wealthy former businessman and reality television star, paid only US$750 (S$1,030) in federal income taxes in both 2016 and 2017, and no federal income taxes in 10 of the previous 15 years through 2017.

The report, which Mr Trump called "total fake news", gives Mr Biden a fresh opening to make his case that his working-class roots better position him to understand the economic struggles of everyday Americans than the billionaire occupying the White House.

Mr Trump also faced persistent questions, based on his statements about a rigged election, about whether he will accept the voting results should he lose. With millions at home watching, how will he respond if Mr Biden pushes him to commit to a peaceful transfer of power?

Both candidates will scuffle over Mr Trump's nomination of Mrs Amy Coney Barrett to the US Supreme Court. Mr Trump is using his pick to rally his conservative voter base and distract from his record on the coronavirus and other matters, while Mr Biden is warning of threats to health care and abortion rights.


For Mr Biden, the debate will serve as sort of a reintroduction. While he has held limited events in some states and given media interviews, the coronavirus pandemic has largely rendered him off stage for months.

That has allowed Mr Biden to keep the focus where he wants it: on Mr Trump and his performance in office. But on Tuesday, the Democratic nominee will have to make his own case for the presidency, while giving concise answers and avoiding some of the verbal mishaps that have plagued him throughout his political career.

With Mr Biden leading in polls, a strong outing could place Mr Trump in even worse shape. A weak one could reshape the race.


Faced with alarming coronavirus statistics or unrest in the streets, Mr Trump is quick to blame Democratic officials, activists, scientists - anybody but him. One of Mr Biden's goals will be making sure the public understands that Mr Trump is the one in charge.

Mr Trump could use his office to his advantage, as he often tries to do with the economy. Voters like to see a president take responsibility - for the good and the bad.


Mr John Geer, an expert on voter opinion at Vanderbilt University, wonders if Mr Trump will react poorly to sharp or unfriendly queries from moderator Chris Wallace of Fox News.

"Will Trump have a tough time answering non-softball questions?" Mr Geer said.


As Mr Trump's campaign rallies show, he can fire off falsehoods in machine-gun fashion. Examples include the Republican's common claim that the US economy was operating at historic levels before the pandemic (it wasn't) and that the virus has largely dissipated (it hasn't).

Attempting to constantly pin Mr Trump to the truth could turn Mr Biden into a real-time fact-checker - possibly to the Democrat's detriment.

"It's a big mistake to try and do that," said Mr Aaron Kall, the director of debate at the University of Michigan. "You have to focus on your own agenda."

US President Donald Trump and former vice-president Joe Biden will square off in their first presidential debate on Sept 29, 2020. PHOTO: REUTERS


Mr Biden has worried aloud about reacting to Mr Trump's propensity for ad hominem attacks. On the campaign trail, the former vice president has sometimes shown flashes of temper, getting his "Irish up" as he calls it.

Mr Trump in a tweet on Sunday went as far as to suggest Biden will be on performance-enhancing drugs during the debate, signalling that perhaps there is little he will not do or say to rattle Mr Biden and disrupt the proceedings.


Polls show that Mr Trump's frequent questioning of the 77-year-old Biden's mental fitness has registered with some voters. Mr Trump's team will be looking for moments where Mr Biden seems flustered or unsure to exploit as viral video.

"If the president lies, call it a lie. If he attacks Biden personally, just shrug it off and not get personal," Mr Geer said. "Biden needs to continue to be presidential and tough, even if there is some mud on his suit jacket."