LVIV, UKRAINE (REUTERS) - A Russian air strike on a large Ukrainian military facility near the border with Nato member Poland on Sunday killed 35 people and wounded 134, a local Ukrainian official said, as other officials reported intense Russian attacks around the country.
Britain said the incident, just 25km from the Polish border, marked a significant escalation of the conflict. United States President Joe Biden has said that Nato, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, would defend every inch of its territory if Russia’s invasion of Ukraine spills over into member states of the Western defence alliance.
Ukraine said foreign military instructors have previously worked at the Yavoriv International Centre for Peacekeeping and Security, but a Nato official said there were no personnel from the alliance there. It was not immediately clear whether any non-Nato states might have representatives there.
Regional governor Maksym Kozytskyy said Russian planes fired around 30 rockets at the facility, adding that some were intercepted before they hit. At least 35 people were killed and 134 wounded, he said. Reuters was not able to verify his statement.
The 360 sq km facility is one of Ukraine’s biggest and the largest in the western part of the country.
The Kremlin did not immediately reply to a request for comment on the reported missile strike so close to the border with Nato, and a short video briefing by Russia’s Defence Ministry spokesman on Sunday (March 13) made no mention of such an attack.
Nineteen ambulances with sirens on were seen by Reuters driving from the direction of the Yaroviv facility after the reported strike and black smoke rose from the area.
“Russia has attacked the International Centre for Peacekeeping & Security near Lviv. Foreign instructors work here. Information about the victims is being clarified,” Ukrainian Defence Minister Oleksii Reznikov said in an online post.
'Violent and inhuman'
A Ukrainian Defence Ministry representative told Reuters the ministry was still trying to establish if any foreign instructors were at the centre at the time of the attack.
Ukraine, whose aspirations to join Nato are a major irritant to Russian President Vladimir Putin, held most of its drills with countries in the Western defence alliance at the base before the invasion. The last major exercises were in September.
In the weeks before Russia invaded on Feb 24, the Ukrainian military trained there, but according to Ukrainian media, all foreign instructors left the training ground in mid-February, while leaving all the equipment.
Ukraine reported renewed air strikes on an airport in the west, heavy shelling on Chernihiv north-east of the capital Kyiv and attacks on the southern town of Mykolayiv, where officials said nine people were killed.
Ukraine’s human rights monitor said Russia used phosphorous bombs in an overnight attack on the town of Popasna in the eastern Luhansk region, calling it a war crime. She shared a photograph purporting to show the alleged attack, but did not say if Ukraine had concrete evidence. Reuters could not immediately verify any of the reports.
While Western nations have sought to isolate Mr Putin by imposing harsh sanctions, the US and its allies are concerned to avoid Nato being drawn into the conflict.
Asked how much of an escalation the attack was, British Cabinet Minister Michael Gove told a BBC interviewer: “It is significant.”
Mr Putin was pushing the boundaries in military terms, he said.
Airport hit in west
In eastern Ukraine, Russian troops were trying to surround Ukrainian forces as they advance from the port of Mariupol in the south and the second city Kharkiv in the north, the British Defence Ministry said.
Kharkiv has suffered some of the heaviest bombardment.
Videos from one resident, Mr Teimur Aliev, who is helping to bring aid to residents, show bombed buildings lining streets, burnt-out cars riddled with shrapnel holes and debris strewn around.
“We will stitch up the wounds and the pain of our country and our city. We are ready to build it and we are ready to renew it when the war is over. We’re not going anywhere,” Mr Aliev, a 23-year-old musician, said of his food distribution network, which now has dozens of volunteers.
Air raid sirens again woke residents in Kyiv on Sunday morning, while in Chernihiv, around 150km north-east, firefighters rescued residents from a burning building after heavy shelling, video from Ukraine’s emergency service, and verified by Reuters, showed.
Ukraine accused Russian forces on Saturday of killing seven civilians, including one child, in an attack on women and children trying to flee fighting near Kyiv.
Reuters was unable immediately to verify the report and Russia offered no immediate comment.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said on Sunday that nearly 125,000 people had been evacuated via humanitarian corridors agreed with Russia.
Russian troops have destroyed 3,687 Ukrainian military infrastructure facilities so far, Russian Defence Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov was quoted by Russian news agencies as saying on Sunday. It was not possible to independently verify his statement.