SYDNEY/CHICAGO (REUTERS) - Airlines around the world said they would make more drastic cuts to their flying schedules, shed jobs and seek government aid after countries further tightened border restrictions because of the fast spreading coronavirus.
The owner of British Airways said on Monday (March 16) that it would cut flying capacity by at least three quarters in April and May, and that its outgoing boss, Willie Walsh, would defer his retirement as the carrier tries to survive the fallout of the virus.
International Consolidated Airlines Group, the parent company that also owns Iberia and Aer Lingus, said it would also ground flights, freeze discretionary spending, reduce working hours and temporarily suspend employment contracts.
United Airlines Holdings booked US$1.5 billion (S$2.12 billion) less revenue in March than the same time last year and warned employees that planes could be flying nearly empty into the summer, even after severe flight cuts.
It said it would cut corporate officers' salaries by 50 per cent and reduce flight capacity by about 50 per cent in April and May, with deep capacity cuts also expected into the summer travel period.
"This crisis is moving really quickly," United chief executive Oscar Munoz and president Scott Kirby said in a memo to employees on Sunday (March 15).
Things worsened over the weekend as Spain declared a state of emergency, the Trump administration added Britain and Ireland to its list of countries facing travel curbs, and Australia and New Zealand said all travellers would have to self-isolate for 14 days.
"We call on Congress and the White House to take all measures available to protect the health and payroll of American workers," said Sara Nelson, president of the Association of Flight Attendants-CWA, which represents 50,000 US flight attendants at 20 airlines, including United.
CAPA Centre for Aviation, an airline analysis and consulting firm, said most airlines globally will be bankrupt by the end of May without coordinated government and industry action to avoid such a catastrophe.
"Demand is drying up in ways that are completely unprecedented," CAPA said in a report. "Normality is not yet on the horizon."
British airlines called on the UK government to help ensure their survival, while Germany's Tui AG and Scandinavian carrier SAS said they would temporarily suspend the vast majority of operations due to the Covid-19 outbreak and apply for government support.
Finnair on Monday issued its second profit warning in three weeks, saying it would report a substantial comparable operating loss for 2020 as it was cutting around 90 per cent of its normal capacity from the beginning of April.
The Finnish airline also dropped its dividend.
EasyJet, Europe's fourth-biggest airline, said it could ground the majority of its fleet, while Icelandair Group said it was cutting capacity and working with labour unions to reduce its salary cost "significantly".
Air New Zealand said job losses would be necessary as it cut long-haul capacity by 85 per cent over the coming months.
"We are now accepting that for the coming months at least Air New Zealand will be a smaller airline requiring fewer resources, including people," Air New Zealand CEO Greg Foran said in a statement.
The airline has halted trading in its shares until Wednesday.
Qantas Airways said it would be making fresh cuts to its flying schedule beyond the 25 per cent reduction in international capacity announced last week due to the new travel restrictions.
UBS analysts said the latest travel restrictions would have a significant effect on Qantas' international traffic, which historically accounted for around 45 per cent of revenue and 25 per cent of earnings before interest and tax.
"A downside scenario where international traffic is down 50 per cent for a whole year and domestic down 30 per cent could result in cash burn of up to A$200 million (S$175 million) per month after incorporating changes to the business," UBS said of Qantas.
Smaller rival Virgin Australia Holdings, which has a weaker balance sheet but a heavier domestic focus, said it was assessing its response to the new travel restrictions.
Virgin said last Friday that it would make deeper capacity cuts, suspend financial guidance, freeze hiring and offer leave without pay to staff.
S&P Global Ratings downgraded its credit rating on Virgin to B- and placed it on creditwatch negative due to rapidly deterioriating industry conditions spreading from the international market to the domestic market.
"Rating stability will increasingly rely on the company continuing to adjust its cost base to offset potential further material revenue erosion and limit cash outflows if the reduction in demand continues beyond the next few months," S&P said.