LOS ANGELES (REUTERS) - China-born film-maker Chloe Zhao, who told the story of financially stretched van dwellers in American recession-era tale Nomadland, on Sunday (April 25) became the first Asian woman and second woman to win best director at the Academy Awards.
It was the first Oscar for Zhao, 39, who featured real-life nomads alongside actress Frances McDormand to show the lives of older Americans who travel from job to job to try and scrape together a living.
Zhao was born in China and lived in Beijing until age 14, when she went to boarding school in London and later finished high school in Los Angeles.
After attending film school in New York, Zhao won acclaim for independent movies Songs My Brothers Taught Me (2015), about the bond between a native American brother and sister, and The Rider (2017), the story of a young cowboy recovering from a serious head injury.
Zhao, who now lives in the United States, recalled growing up in China, where she came to believe that "people at birth are inherently good".
"This is for anyone who has the faith and the courage to hold on to the goodness in themselves...and in each other, "she added.
Just two women have won best director in the 93-year history of the Academy Awards. Kathryn Bigelow took the prize in 2010 for war thriller The Hurt Locker.
Zhao competed this year against Promising Young Woman director Emerald Fennell, marking the first time two women were nominated in the category at the same time.
Other contenders, in addition to Fennell, were David Fincher for Mank, Lee Isaac Chung for Minari and Thomas Vinterberg for Another Round.
Zhao's upcoming films include Marvel Studios big-budget action flick Eternals, scheduled for release in November, and a sci-fi Western version of Dracula.