LONDON (AFP) - Uber on Tuesday (March 16) said it is granting its UK drivers worker status, with benefits including a minimum wage - a world first for the US ride-hailing giant.
Weeks after a top court ruling that could shake up Britain's wider "gig economy" of 5.5 million people, Uber said its drivers would also get holiday pay and a pension.
It is a massive change in the business model of a company that had argued before Britain's Supreme Court that its drivers were self-employed.
From Wednesday, "more than 70,000 drivers in the UK will be treated as workers, earning at least the national living wage when driving with Uber," the taxi app said in a statement.
"This is a floor and not a ceiling, with drivers able to earn more."
The court ruled last month that Uber's drivers are entitled to worker's rights.
The decision capped a protracted legal battle between UK drivers and the Silicon Valley taxi and delivery company.
Uber said its action over workers' rights "means drivers will earn with greater security, helping them to plan for their futures while maintaining the flexibility that is integral to the private-hire industry."
The higher costs for Uber come as it faces sliding driver bookings owing to the Covid-19 pandemic, despite strong demand for the Uber Eats food delivery service during national lockdowns.
Uber did not expect the change in driver compensation to affect its net income this year, the company said in a US regulatory filing.
"We've come to recognise that platforms like ours will work differently in different countries," Uber chief executive Dara Khosrowshahi said in an editorial published in the Evening Standard.
"The future of work is too big of an issue for a one-size-fits-all solution, and that's OK."
Khosrowshahi has argued for a new third option, to avoid drivers being classified as either employees or independent contractors.
The British ruling follows California's top court last month refusing to consider a legal bid to nullify a referendum passed by voters that lets "gig workers" like Uber be treated as contractors.
Drivers for ride-share and meal delivery apps filed the lawsuit directly to the California State Supreme Court in January to derail voter-endorsed labour legislation known as Proposition 22.
Proposition 22 - passed in November and heavily backed by Uber, Lyft and other app-based, on-demand delivery services - effectively overturned a state law requiring them to reclassify their drivers and provide employee benefits.
The November vote came after a contentious campaign with labour groups claiming the initiative would erode worker rights and benefits, and with backers arguing for a new, flexible economic model.
The victory for the "gig economy" in California has ignited fears that big business is rewriting labour laws.
Under the proposition, drivers remain independent contractors but Uber and Lyft are to pay them a number of benefits including a minimum wage, a contribution to healthcare and other forms of insurance. Critics of the measure said it failed to take into account the full costs borne by drivers.
In a first for the European Union, Spain's government earlier this month announced a deal that will recognise riders working for food delivery firms such as Deliveroo and Uber Eats as salaried staff following complaints about their working conditions.
In Italy, prosecutors have told Uber Eats and other food delivery platforms their couriers were employees and not independent workers, fining them 733 million euros for breach of labour safety rules.