Cryptos are crashing, will NFTs be next?

OpenSea admitted in January that more than 80 per cent of the NFTs created with its free tool were fraudulent. PHOTO: REUTERS

PARIS (AFP) - A slew of celebrity endorsements helped inflate a multibillion dollar bubble around digital tokens over the past year, but cryptocurrencies are crashing and some fear non-fungible tokens (NFTs) could be next.

NFTs are tokens linked to digital images, "collectable" items, avatars in games or property, and objects in the burgeoning virtual world of the metaverse.

The likes of Paris Hilton, Gwyneth Paltrow and Serena Williams have boasted about owning NFTs, and many under-30s have been enticed to gamble for the chance of making a quick profit.

But the whole sector is suffering a rout at the moment, with all the major cryptocurrencies slumping in value, and the signs for NFTs are mixed at best.

The number of NFTs traded in the first quarter of this year slumped by almost 50 per cent compared with the previous quarter, according to analysis firm Non-Fungible.

It reckoned the market was digesting the vast amount of NFTs created last year, with the resale market just getting off the ground.

Monitoring firm CryptoSlam reported a dramatic tail-off this month, with just US$31 million (S$42.8 million) spent on art and collectibles in the week to May 15, the lowest figure all year.

A symbol of the struggle is the forlorn attempt to resell an NFT of Twitter founder Jack Dorsey's first tweet.

Mr Dorsey managed to sell the NFT for almost US$3 million last year, but the new owner cannot find anyone willing to pay more than US$20,000.

The year of scams

Ms Molly White, a prominent critic of the crypto sphere, told AFP there were many possible reasons for the downturn.

"It could be a general decrease in hype, it could be fear of scams after so many high-profile ones, or it could be people tightening their belts," she said.

The industry's reputation has been hammered for much of the year.

The main exchange, OpenSea, admitted in January that more than 80 per cent of the NFTs created with its free tool were fraudulent - many of them copies of other NFTs or famous artworks reproduced without permission.

"There's a bit of everything on OpenSea," said Mr Olivier Lerner, co-author of the book NFT Mine d'Or (NFT Gold Mine).

"It's a huge site and it's not curated, so you really have no idea what you're buying."

LooksRare, an NFT exchange that overtook OpenSea in sales volume this year, got into similar problems as its rival.

As much as 95 per cent of the transactions on its platform were found to be fake, according to CryptoSlam.

Users were selling NFTs to themselves because LooksRare was offering tokens with every transaction - no matter what you were buying.

And the amounts lost to scams this year have been eye-watering.

The owners of Axie Infinity - a game played by millions in the Philippines and elsewhere, and a key driver of the NFT market - managed to lose more than US$500 million in a single swindle.

'Like the lottery'

Lawyer Eric Barbry told AFP: "As soon as you have a new technology, you immediately have fraudsters circling."

He pointed out that the NFT market has no dedicated regulation so law enforcement agencies are left to cobble together a response using existing frameworks.

Ms White said strong regulation could help eliminate the extreme speculation but that could, in turn, rob NFTs of their major appeal - that they can bring quick profits.

"I think less hype would be a good thing - in its current form, NFT trading is enormously risky and probably unwise for the average person," she said.

NFTs are often likened to the traditional art market because they have no inherent utility, and their prices fluctuate wildly depending on trends and hype.

But Mr Lerner suggested a different comparison.

"It's like the lottery," he said of those seeking big profits from NFTs. "You play, but you never win."

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