Sri Lanka explosions: What we know and don't know about the bombings

Officials inspecting the damage at St Sebastian's church in Negombo, following the Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka, on April 21, 2019.
Officials inspecting the damage at St Sebastian's church in Negombo, following the Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka, on April 21, 2019.PHOTO: REUTERS

COLOMBO (NYTIMES) - On Easter Sunday in Sri Lanka, coordinated bombings targeted churches, hotels and other sites, killing more than 290 people and wounding hundreds of others.

The attacks in Sri Lanka, an island nation in the Indian Ocean, is the largest carried out on South Asian Christians in recent memory.


  • The explosions began at around 8.45am local time on Sunday (April 21), and the deadliest appeared to be at St Sebastian's Church in Negombo. The other churches attacked were St Anthony's Shrine in Colombo and Zion Church in Batticaloa. There were also explosions that morning at three hotels in the capital city of Colombo: the Shangri-La, the Cinnamon Grand and the Kingsbury.
  • More explosions followed in the afternoon, all in Colombo. The first was at the Tropical Inn, a small hotel not far from the national zoo in the suburb of Dehiwala. There was also at least one explosion at a housing complex in another suburb, Dematagoda.
  •  At least 290 people were killed and at least 500 wounded in the day's attacks, police said. At least 36 of the dead were foreigners, several of them American, the authorities said. Others were British, Chinese, Dutch, Indian, Portuguese and Turkish citizens, according to officials and news reports.
  •  Twenty-four suspects were held in connection with the bombings, the authorities said. The government said suicide bombers had set off the explosions. Three officers were killed hunting for the attackers at a housing complex.
  • A top Sri Lankan police official issued a letter on April 11 to government security officials warning of possible suicide attacks at Catholic churches by a radical Islamist group, National Thowheeth Jama'ath. It was unclear what safeguards, if any, were taken, or whether in the end the group played any role in the violence on Sunday.
  • Sri Lanka temporarily blocked major social media and messaging services, including Facebook, WhatsApp and Instagram, to curb the spread of misinformation.
  •  The government set a nationwide curfew from 6pm on Sunday to 6am on Monday.


  •  Who was behind the coordinated attacks remains unknown, although a Sri Lankan defence official said that all of the Colombo attacks had been carried out by suicide bombers and that the attackers were believed to be part of a single group.
  •  Who the 24 people being held in connection with the attacks are.
  •  What steps the authorities took to try to forestall an attack after the advisory a week and a half ago about a potential threat.
  •  Why Catholics appear to have been singled out in the bombings.