YANGON (REUTERS, AFP) - Thirty-eight people were killed in Myanmar on Wednesday (March 3) as the military quelled protests in several towns and cities, the United Nations said, the most violent day since demonstrations against last month’s military coup first broke out.
Police and soldiers opened fire with live rounds with little warning, witnesses said.
The bloodshed occurred one day after neighbouring countries had called for restraint in the aftermath of the military’s overthrow of the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi.
“It’s horrific, it’s a massacre. No words can describe the situation and our feelings,” youth activist Thinzar Shunlei Yi told Reuters via a messaging app.
The dead included four children, an aid agency said.
Hundreds of protesters were arrested, local media reported.
“Today it was the bloodiest day since the coup happened on the 1st of February. We had today – only today – 38 people died. We have now more than over 50 people died since the coup started, and many are wounded,” United Nations special envoy on Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener, said in New York.
A spokesman for the ruling military council did not answer telephone calls seeking comment.
Ko Bo Kyi, joint secretary of the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners rights group, had said earlier the military killed at least 18. But the toll rose by the end of the day.
In the main city Yangon, witnesses said at least eight people were killed, one early in the day and seven others when security forces opened sustained fire in a neighbourhood in the north of the city in the early evening.
“I heard so much continuous firing. I lay down on the ground, they shot a lot,” protester Kaung Pyae Sone Tun, 23, told Reuters.
A protest leader in the community, Htut Paing, said the hospital there had told him seven people had been killed.
Hospital administrators were not available for comment.
After nightfall, Yangon residents lit candles and held prayers for the dead.
In the central town of Monywa, six people were killed, the Monywa Gazette reported. Others were killed in the second-biggest city Mandalay, the northern town of Hpakant and the central town of Myingyan.
Save the Children said in a statement four children were among the dead, including a 14-year-old boy who Radio Free Asia reported was shot dead by a soldier on a passing convoy of military trucks. The soldiers loaded his body onto a truck and left the scene, according to the report.
The violence took place a day after foreign ministers from Southeast Asian neighbours urged restraint but failed to unite behind a call for the release of Suu Kyi and the restoration of democracy.
The Pope, speaking at the end of his general audience, appealed directly to Myanmar’s military authorities “that dialogue prevails over repression and harmony over discord”.
Young people in the country, he said, deserved a future “where hate and injustice give way to encounter and reconciliation”.
The European Union said the shootings of unarmed civilians and medical workers were clear breaches of international law. It also said the military was stepping up repression of the media, with a growing number of journalists arrested and charged.
“There must be accountability and a return to democracy in Myanmar,” the EU said.
‘We shall overcome’
Security forces breaking up protests in Yangon detained about 300 protesters, the Myanmar Now news agency reported.
Video posted on social media showed lines of young men, hands on heads, filing into army trucks as police and soldiers stood guard. Reuters was unable to verify the footage.
Images of a 19-year-old woman, one of the two shot dead in Mandalay, showed her wearing a T-shirt that read “Everything will be OK”.
Police in Yangon ordered three medics out of an ambulance, shot up the windscreen and then kicked and beat the workers with gun butts and batons, video broadcast by US-funded Radio Free Asia showed. Reuters was unable to verify the video independently.
Democracy activist Esther Ze Naw told Reuters that the sacrifices of those who died would not be in vain.
“We shall overcome this and win,” she said.
On Tuesday, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) failed to make a breakthrough in a virtual foreign ministers’ meeting on Myanmar.
While united in a call for restraint, only four members - Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore – called for the release of Suu Kyi and other detainees.
“We expressed Asean’s readiness to assist Myanmar in a positive, peaceful and constructive manner,” the Asean chair, Brunei, said in a statement.
Myanmar’s state media on Wednesday said Wunna Maung Lwin attended an Asean meeting that “exchanged views on regional and international issues”, but made no mention of the purpose of the talks.
It said he “apprised the meeting of voting irregularities” in last November’s election.
The military justified the coup by saying its complaints of voter fraud were ignored. Ms Suu Kyi’s party won the election by a landslide, earning a second five-year term. The election commission said the vote was fair.
Junta leader Senior General Min Aung Hlaing has said the intervention was to protect Myanmar’s fledgling democracy, and has pledged to hold new elections, but has given no time frame.
Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said on Tuesday in an interview that the coup was a “tragic” step back for Myanmar and the use of lethal force by its security forces was “disastrous”.
Asean’s bid to find a way out of the crisis has drawn criticism from inside Myanmar, with concern it would legitimise the junta and not help the country.
“No more words, action,” activist Thinzar Shunlei Yi told Reuters in a message when asked about the Asean effort. She called for sanctions on businesses linked to the military.
Myanmar’s ousted President Win Myint is facing two new charges, his lawyer Khin Maung Zaw said on Wednesday, including a breach of the Constitution that is punishable by up to three years in prison.
Win Myint was arrested on Feb 1 along with Ms Suu Kyi just hours before the military seized power.
He is also facing charges over violating protocols to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Mr Khin Maung Zaw said his trial date is not known.
Suu Kyi, who was already facing obscure criminal charges for possessing unlicensed walkie-talkies, as well as violating coronavirus restrictions by staging a campaign event during last year’s election, was on Monday hit with two new criminal charges.
She was accused of breaching communications laws as well as intent to incite public unrest.
Suu Kyi, 75, has been held incommunicado since the coup but appeared at a court hearing via video conferencing this week and looked in good health, a lawyer said.
Meanwhile on Tuesday, state-broadcaster MRTV reported that the authorities had released 511 people in detention in Yangon.
Reporters Without Borders says at least 10 journalists are in jail and 26 have been arrested since the coup.
The UN Security Council is due to discuss the situation on Friday in a closed meeting, diplomats said. The 15-member council has voiced concern over the state of emergency, but stopped short of condemning the coup last month due to opposition by Russia and China.