First person charged under Hong Kong security law found guilty of terrorism, inciting secession

Tong Ying Kit was accused of driving his motorcycle into three riot policemen while carrying a flag with a protest slogan. PHOTO: AFP

HONG KONG (REUTERS) - The first person charged under Hong Kong's national security law was found guilty on Tuesday (July 27) of terrorism and inciting secession, in a landmark case with long-term implications for how the legislation reshapes the city's common law traditions.

Former waiter Tong Ying Kit, 24, was accused of driving his motorcycle into three riot policemen while carrying a flag with the protest slogan "Liberate Hong Kong. Revolution of our times", which prosecutors said was secessionist.

The widely anticipated ruling, much of which has hinged on the interpretation of the slogan, imposes new limits on free speech in the former British colony, activists say. H

Human rights groups have also criticised the decision to deny Tong bail and a jury trial, which have been key features of Hong Kong's rule of law.

The government did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the accusations.

Tong's trial was presided over by Justice Esther Toh, Justice Anthea Pang and Justice Wilson Chan, who were picked by Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam to hear national security cases.

Justice Toh read out a summary of the ruling in court, saying "such display of the words was capable of inciting others to commit secession".

She added that Tong was aware of the slogan's secessionist meaning and that he intended to communicate this meaning to others. He also had a "political agenda" and his actions caused "grave harm to society".

In a detailed judgment published on the judiciary's website, the judges also said Tong's motorcycle was potentially a lethal weapon.

"The defendant's failure to stop at all the police checklines, eventually crashing into the police, was a deliberate challenge mounted against the police, a symbol of Hong Kong's law and order," the judges said.

An alternative charge of dangerous driving causing grievous bodily harm was not considered. The High Court will hear mitigation arguments on Thursday and sentencing will be announced at a later date.

Tong had pleaded not guilty to all the charges, which stemmed from events on July 1, 2020, shortly after the law was enacted.

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Tong's lawyer Clive Grossman told Reuters outside the court no decision had been made on an appeal. He declined further comment.

Nathan Law, an activist who has been given asylum in Britain after leaving Hong Kong, said in a message on Twitter: "The judicial system in Hong Kong is weaponised to suppress."

Benedict Rogers, chief executive of rights group Hong Kong Watch, called the ruling "a blow to free expression" and said the global financial hub was "now little more than a police state."

Amnesty International's Asia-Pacific Regional Director Yamini Mishra said in a statement the conviction was an "ominous moment for human rights" in the global financial hub.

"To convict Tong Ying-kit of 'secession' for displaying a flag bearing a widely used political slogan is a violation of international law, under which expression must not be criminalised unless it poses a concrete threat."

Tong's trial has focused mostly on the meaning of the slogan, which was ubiquitous during Hong Kong's mass protests in 2019.

It was chanted on the streets, posted online, scrawled on walls and printed on pamphlets, books, stickers, T-shirts, coffee mugs and other things.

The arguments during the trial drew on a range of topics, including ancient Chinese history, the US civil rights movement and Malcolm X, to determine whether the slogan was secessionist.

Two expert witnesses called by the defence to analyse the slogan's meaning, drawing upon sources including an examination of some 25 million online posts, found "no substantial link" between the slogan and Hong Kong independence.

The judges rejected the defence argument.

"Even if we were wrong in finding that the defendant understood the slogan to mean Hong Kong independence and adopted that meaning when displaying the flag ... we are of the view that the slogan still advocated a political agenda," they said in the judgment.

The governments in Beijing and Hong Kong have said repeatedly that the security law was necessary to bring stability after the often-violent 2019 protests and that the rights and freedoms promised to the city upon its return to Chinese rule in 1997 remain intact.

The law, imposed by Beijing in June 2020, punishes what China sees as subversion, secession, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces.

The government has said all prosecutions have been handled independently and according to law, and that legal enforcement action has nothing to do with the political stance, background or profession of those arrested.

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