World’s usable nuke arsenal rose in 2022, study reveals

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is seen inspecting nuclear warheads at an undisclosed location. PHOTO: REUTERS

OSLO  – The world’s number of operational nuclear warheads has grown, driven largely by Russia and China, as nuclear tensions have risen since the war in Ukraine.

The nine official and unofficial nuclear powers held 9,576 ready-to-use warheads in 2023, up from 9,440 in 2022, according to the Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor published by non-governmental organisation Norwegian People’s Aid.

Those weapons have a “collective destructive power” equal to “more than 135,000 Hiroshima bombs”, the report said.

The figures were published as Moscow repeatedly raises the nuclear threat in connection to its invasion of Ukraine and Western military aid to Kyiv.

On Saturday, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that he agreed with Minsk to deploy “tactical” nuclear weapons in Belarus, a country on the European Union’s doorstep.

The additional 136 warheads to the ready-to-use global nuclear stockpile in 2022 were attributed to Russia, which has the world’s largest arsenal with 5,889 operational warheads, as well as China, India, North Korea and Pakistan.

“This increase is worrying, and continues a trend that started in 2017,” Ms Grethe Lauglo Ostern, editor of the Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor, said in a statement.

At the same time, the total stockpile of nuclear weapons, which also includes those removed from service, continues to decline. In the same year, the number of nuclear weapons fell from 12,705 to 12,512, due to the decommissioning of old warheads in Russia and the United States.

But Ms Ostern warned that if the trend of new warheads being added does not stop, “the total number of nuclear weapons in the world will also soon increase again for the first time since the Cold War”.

The eight official nuclear powers are the US, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan and North Korea, while Israel is known to have nuclear weapons unofficially. AFP

Join ST's Telegram channel and get the latest breaking news delivered to you.