WASHINGTON (NYTIMES, AFP) - The US Food and Drug Administration authorised Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine for emergency use on Friday (Dec 11), according to two people with knowledge of the decision who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to discuss it.
The action means millions of highly vulnerable people will begin receiving the vaccine within days.
The authorisation is a historic turning point in a pandemic that has taken more than 290,000 lives in the United States.
With the decision, the US becomes the sixth country – in addition to Britain, Bahrain, Canada, Saudi Arabia and Mexico – to clear the vaccine. Other authorisations, including by the European Union, are expected within weeks.
President Donald Trump said the US would start administering the vaccine “in less than 24 hours".
“Through our partnership with FedEx and UPS, we have already begun shipping the vaccine to every state and zip code in the country,” he said, adding that governors would decide who would receive the shots first in their states.
“We want our senior citizens, healthcare workers and first responders to be first in line,” said Mr Trump. “This will quickly and dramatically reduce deaths and hospitalisations.”
The FDA’s action followed an extraordinary sequence of events on Friday morning in which White House chief of staff Mark Meadows told FDA commissioner Stephen Hahn to consider looking for his next job if he didn’t get the emergency approval done on Friday, according to a senior administration official who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to discuss the matter.
Dr Hahn then ordered vaccine regulators at the agency to do it by the end of the day.
The authorisation set off a complicated coordination effort from Pfizer, private shipping companies, state and local health officials, the military, hospitals, and pharmacy chains to get the first week’s batch of about three million doses to healthcare workers and nursing home residents as quickly as possible, all while keeping the vaccine at ultra-cold temperatures.
Pfizer has a deal with the US government to supply 100 million doses of the vaccine by March. Under that agreement, the shots will be free to the public. Every state, along with six major cities, has submitted to the federal government a list of locations – mostly hospitals – where the Pfizer vaccine is to ship initially.
In populous Florida, the first recipients will be five hospitals: in Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando, Tampa and Hollywood.
In tiny, rural Vermont, only the University of Vermont Medical Centre and a state warehouse will get supplies.
The decision is a victory for Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech, which began working on the vaccine 11 months ago. Vaccines typically take years to develop. The companies’ late-stage clinical trial, which enrolled nearly 44,000 people, was found to be 95 per cent effective.