WASHINGTON (REUTERS) - The US Commerce Department on Thursday (May 16) formally placed Huawei Technologies Co Ltd and 68 affiliates in more than two dozen countries on its so-called "Entity List" - a move that bans the telecom company from buying parts and components from American firms without US government approval.
The order takes effect immediately, a Commerce Department spokesman said, and includes non-US Huawei affiliates in Canada, Japan, Brazil, the United Kingdom and Singapore, among others.
The US government will review requests for approvals for transactions under a "policy of presumption of denial", according to a posting on the Federal Register.
The action comes as the world's two largest economies ratchet up tariffs in a battle over what US officials call China's unfair trade practices.
In a one-two punch, the order came a day after President Donald Trump signed an executive order declaring a national emergency and barring US companies from using telecommunications equipment made by firms posing a national security risk.
The United States believes Huawei's smartphones and network equipment could be used by China to spy on Americans, allegations the company has repeatedly denied. The Commerce Department first gave notice on Wednesday that it was adding Huawei to the list.
The order says US government representatives determined Huawei has been involved in activities contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States.
As an example, the order cited a criminal case pending against the company in federal court in Brooklyn, New York, over allegations Huawei violated US sanctions against Iran. Huawei has pleaded not guilty in the case.
Members of Congress and administration officials said the move will make it difficult for Huawei to sell many products because of key US suppliers.
Washington lawyer Douglas Jacobson, a trade expert, said there will be collateral impact on the US companies that sell to Huawei.
"While the intent is to punish Huawei, ultimately US companies are also being penalised," Jacobson said.
Given the order, he said, the likelihood that Commerce will grant licences to allow sales is negligible.
Still, history shows the government could offer reprieves. In 2016, Huawei's smaller rival ZTE Corp was added to the entity list over allegations it organised an elaborate scheme to hide its re-export of US items to sanctioned countries.
US companies were prohibited from selling parts and components to ZTE for about two weeks, before the Commerce Department issued a series of temporary general licences that allowed the company to continue to do business with US suppliers until it agreed to a plea deal a year later.
The saga of ZTE did not end there. In April 2018, the Commerce Department slapped a ban on American companies selling components to ZTE after accusing it of breaking an agreement, leading ZTE to cease major operations until it struck a new deal last summer.