WASHINGTON (BLOOMBERG) - US President Donald Trump threatened to withdraw the US from the World Trade Organisation (WTO) during a contentious phone call with the group's then-leader, according to a new book by journalist Bob Woodward.
Trump demanded that Roberto Azevedo, who was the WTO's director-general, designate the US a "developing nation" like China and India in order to get more favourable trading terms, Trump told Woodward in a Jan 22 interview.
When Azevedo objected, Trump said, "Here's what I'm doing: I'm pulling out of the World Trade Organisation."
Bloomberg News obtained the book ahead of its Sept 15 release.
Azevedo resigned from his position in May, well before his term was set to end in 2021. He said leaving early was the "best thing for me, my family and the organisation", adding that the group's work had ground to a halt.
The appointment of judges to the WTO's appeals panel ground to a halt in December after the US blocked all nominations and allowed the terms of existing members to expire, hampering the body's ability to resolve trade disputes.
Trump has repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the WTO, blasting the international body as the "single worst trade deal ever made".
But Woodward's book provides new details about the president's willingness to use extreme leverage against friend and foe alike in search of trade deals.
During a private meeting about tariffs in 2017, the president mused about removing tens of thousands of American soldiers from South Korea, arguing the country was taking advantage of the US, according to Woodward's reporting. Later, Trump told trade adviser Peter Navarro he needed to take charge of steel negotiations, saying that his trade advisers were weak.
Navarro denied the conversation took place.
In a Feb 7 phone call with Woodward, Trump boasted that he was "breaking China's ass on trade" and, by imposing steep tariffs on Chinese exports, forced Beijing's annual gross domestic product growth rate to turn negative. The claim about China's GDP is not supported by most economists.
The president also told Woodward that the European Union had been "formed to screw the United States" and added that he had planned to take it on after completing trade agreements with China, Canada and Mexico.
"I don't want to be fighting every country in the world at the same time," Trump said.
Woodward's book caused a new political headache for Trump on Wednesday after CNN and the Washington Post reported passages in which the president said he intentionally downplayed the threat of the coronavirus in order to avoid scaring Americans.
Trump made the determination even though he said he knew the virus was deadly and could be spread through the air in early February, more than a month before the US imposed social-distancing measures designed to slow the spread.
Trump told reporters Thursday that he "didn't lie" to the American public about the severity of the coronavirus.
"What I went out and said is very simple: I want to show a level of confidence," Trump said, adding that he wanted to assure the public that the country would "be fine one way or the other."
"I don't want to jump up and down and start screaming, 'death, death,'" he said.
The book undercuts Trump's claim that Anthony Fauci, the leading US infectious disease expert, opposed his decision to impose travel restrictions on China.
During an Oval Office meeting meeting with Trump on Jan 31, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar suggested the idea to prevent travellers from China from spreading the virus inside the US. Fauci and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Robert Redfield agreed, according to Woodward.
When Trump asked Fauci he was sure, Fauci said it was "the only way we've got to go." The health officials announced the restrictions later that day.
Trump has repeatedly said he decided to impose the travel curbs over Fauci's objections. "When I closed the border to China, he disagreed with that," the president said in a May 13 Fox Business Network interview.
Woodward's book paints an unflattering picture of Trump's dealing with autocratic leaders, such as North Korea's Kim Jong Un.
Trump's first reaction upon meeting Kim in Singapore in 2018 was "holy s--," he later told Woodward. Trump said in an interview with the author that Kim is "beyond smart".
Trump said Kim "tells me everything," including how he had his uncle killed and then had his dismembered body displayed in public. "Think that's tough? You know, they think politics in this country's tough," Trump said to Woodward.
Woodward also published the contents of a number of letters Kim sent to Trump, which flattered the president and spoke highly of their summits. Kim repeatedly referred to Trump as "your excellency".
In one letter around Christmas 2018, Kim wrote about how during their Singapore summit he "firmly held your excellency's hand at the beautiful and sacred location as the whole world watched," a scene that was "reminiscent of a fantasy film."
Woodward reported that Trump privately said of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman, "I saved his ass," following the US uproar over the killing of Washington Post contributor Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi citizen who lived in Virginia.
Trump has maintained close ties with the monarchy's de facto leader, even after the CIA reportedly concluded that Prince Mohammed was behind Khashoggi's killing. Trump told Woodward that he believed the crown prince's denials that he was involved in Khashoggi's murder because the Saudi leader had promised his country would do hundreds of billions of dollars of business in the US.
"He says very strongly that he didn't do it," Trump said. "Bob, they spent US$400 billion over a fairly short period of time."
Woodward cited an Associated Press fact check that could not substantiate the supposed Saudi investments.