NEW YORK (REUTERS) - A group of New York City students filed a sweeping lawsuit on Tuesday (March 9) that accuses the United States' largest public school system of perpetuating racism by using a deeply flawed admissions process for selective programmes that favours white students.
The lawsuit, which was brought in state court in Manhattan by several prominent civil rights attorneys, argues that a "rigged system" begins sorting children academically when they are as young as four years old, using criteria that disproportionately benefit more affluent, white students.
As a result, minority students are often denied an opportunity to gain access to more selective programs, from elementary to high school, and are instead relegated to failing schools that exacerbate existing inequities, the lawsuit contends.
"Nearly every facet of the New York City public education system operates not only to prop up, but also to affirmatively reproduce, the artificial racial hierarchies that have subordinated people of color for centuries in the United States," the lawsuit says.
The complaint asks a judge to order the school system to eliminate its current admissions screening process for selective programmes, including gifted and talented programs and more academically rigorous middle and high schools.
"For many Black and Latinx eighth graders, entire swaths of high schools and programs are functionally off-limits," the lawsuit alleges.
Governor Andrew Cuomo, Mayor Bill de Blasio and the city and state education departments are all named as defendants; none immediately responded to a request for comment.
The city's public school system is the country's largest, with approximately 1 million students, and has long been seen as deeply segregated along racial and socioeconomic lines.
Close to three-quarters of Black and Latino students attend schools that have less than 10 per cent white students, while more than a third of white students attend schools with majority white populations, according to data collected by the City Council.
Two years ago, Mr de Blasio attempted to eliminate the admissions exam for elite specialised high schools, but the state legislature, which has authority over the exam, rejected his proposal.
The plaintiffs include IntegrateNYC, a youth-led nonprofit devoted to integrating the school system.
Mr Mark Rosenbaum, a lawyer with the pro bono law firm Public Counsel, is the lead attorney, along with civil rights attorney Benjamin Crump and law professors from Yale University, Harvard University, the University of California-Berkeley and the University of Michigan. The law firm Sidley Austin is also representing the plaintiffs.
In addition to admissions criteria, the lawsuit also faults the school system's curriculum, arguing that students of colour learn that "civilisation is equated with whiteness" and that history is taught from a Eurocentric point of view.
While the school system is majority Black and Latino, most teachers and administrators are white, the lawsuit notes.