WASHINGTON (AFP) - US lawmakers urgently negotiating a US$1 trillion (S$1.45 trillion) emergency package to salvage an economy ravaged by the coronavirus missed a Republican-imposed deadline to reach an agreement by the end of Friday (March 20).
Senate Republicans were seeking a rapid deal in order to hold a final vote on Monday on a Bill aimed at allocating vast sums of federal dollars to American households as well as for industries that help form the backbone of a suddenly teetering economy.
But Democrats have been pushing for stronger worker protections and more substantial outlays for families devastated by the crisis, and the party's top Democrat, Mr Chuck Schumer, said the Republican package was "inadequate" for millions of Americans facing dire straits.
Negotiations stalled despite Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell setting a Friday night deadline.
Senators said they would work through the weekend, and if a deal is struck on Saturday, then a first procedural vote is likely on Sunday.
Negotiators held talks with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and other administration officials to thrash out a compromise over the massive federal intervention.
Mr McConnell's proposal includes one-time "recovery rebates" of up to US$1,200 for most adults, and hundreds of billions of dollars in loan guarantees to industries hit by the crisis, including airlines, and to small businesses.
"That would allow a bipartisan package focused on immediate challenges to pass the Senate Monday" before it goes to the House of Representatives, Mr McConnell said.
The top Democrat in Congress, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, joined some of the negotiations by phone. Afterwards, she said Mr McConnell's proposal "puts corporations ahead of working people".
"As written, it is a non-starter," she said in a letter to Democratic colleagues.
Mr Schumer, warning that more dramatic assistance would be necessary, called for a beefed-up worker support plan.
And he said Mr McConnell's bid insufficiently addresses the chronic shortage of intensive care beds, ventilator machines, masks and other medical equipment.
Republicans have signalled that they could come back with an additional emergency funding Bill after this Phase 3 legislation passes Congress, but Mr Schumer rejected that approach.
"Later is no good," he said.
The race to approve a relief package came as New York and Illinois became the latest states to order residents to stay at home, after California issued similar dramatic containment measures.
The need for rapid government intervention became more apparent as unemployment claims for the week ended March 14 shot up well beyond consensus forecasts due to layoffs from the coronavirus crisis.
President Donald Trump said he spoke by phone with Mr Schumer and that they had a "very good" conversation.
"There's tremendous spirit to get something done," Mr Trump said.
The top Republican priorities in the Bill are "direct financial help" for Americans, relief for businesses, stabilisation of the economy and job protection, according to Mr McConnell.
"Our Bill recognises that a big structural national crisis requires a big, structural response," he said.
But Democrats believe Mr McConnell's measure leaves out critical provisions such as expanded unemployment insurance beyond one-time payments, additional paid family leave and paid sick leave, and prioritisation of financial aid to American workers over corporations.
"None of that is in (Mr McConnell's) Bill," Mr Schumer told reporters. "We're going to fight hard to get them in." He suggested a deal could be reached despite chasms of disagreement.
"We're going to have to work across the aisle... to produce momentous legislation in the span of a few days," he said. "We will do it, because we must do it."