WASHINGTON (REUTERS) - Former US Special Counsel Robert Mueller testifies to Congress on Wednesday (July 24) at a pair of televised hearings that carry high stakes for President Donald Trump and Democrats who are split between impeaching him or moving on to the 2020 election.
Mr Mueller, whose inquiry detailed extensive contacts between Mr Trump's 2016 campaign and Russia at a time when Moscow was interfering in the 2016 election with hacking and propaganda, is set to appear beginning at 8.30am (1230 GMT) in separate hearings before the House of Representatives Judiciary and Intelligence committees.
Democrats, who control the House, hope his testimony will rally public support behind their own ongoing investigations of the Republican president and his administration, even as they struggle with whether to launch the impeachment process set out in the US Constitution for removing a president from office for "high crimes and misdemeanours".
Mr Mueller is not expected to deliver any new bombshells, according to Democratic aides, but rather stick to the contents of his 448-page investigation report about the 22-month-long probe of Russian election meddling. Mr Mueller plans to deliver an opening statement before taking questions.
Democrats hope the 74-year-old former FBI director will give the American public a compelling account of Russia's sweeping interference, the Trump campaign's readiness to accept help from Moscow and Mr Trump's efforts to impede the Russia probe that Mr Mueller investigated as potential obstruction of justice.
Mr Trump, running for re-election in 2020, is hoping to move past the entire Russia issue.
"Seeing is believing in America. That report was voluminous. But most Americans didn't read it. So they'll see Mueller lay out the case," said Representative Eric Swalwell, who sits on both the Judiciary and Intelligence panels.
Mr Mueller's appearance could also be a turning point for Democrats on the question of impeachment.
Many liberal Democrats are pushing for an impeachment inquiry against Mr Trump, whose recent incendiary rhetoric about four congresswomen from racial minorities also has ignited a political firestorm.
Eighty-nine House Democrats, about 38 per cent of them, now want an impeachment inquiry against Mr Trump, according to a Reuters survey.
That is well short of the 218 votes needed to adopt articles of impeachment in the House, which would trigger a trial in the Senate on whether to remove Mr Trump. But the number backing impeachment could swell if Mr Mueller's testimony proves to be compelling.
"We hope Mueller's testimony will be a watershed," said Democratic Representative Sheila Jackson Lee, a Judiciary panel member.
The impeachment question has divided Democrats, with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi opposing such a move as politically risky for moderate Democrats on whose future the House Democratic majority depends. Some Democrats prefer to remove Mr Trump from office the ordinary way: defeating him in next year's election.
Mr Mueller, who had expressed reluctance to testify, agreed only after being subpoenaed. Mr Mueller, a former federal prosecutor and US Marine Corps officer, is also known for favouring one-word answers at hearings and could prove too taciturn to satisfy Democrats' hopes of a forceful narrative.
"Let us listen, let us see where the facts will take us," Ms Pelosi said of the hearings. "We'll see what happens after that."
'GOING TO BE DISAPPOINTED'
Republicans in Congress are predicting chagrin for the Democrats.
"I think they're going to be disappointed, just as they were when the Mueller report came out," said Republican Representative Tom Cole.
Mr Mueller's report said the investigation found insufficient evidence to prove that Mr Trump and his campaign engaged in a criminal conspiracy with Russia. The report also did not reach a conclusion on whether Mr Trump committed the crime of obstruction of justice but pointedly did not exonerate him. Attorney-General William Barr, a Trump appointee, subsequently cleared the president of obstruction of justice.
"It is so important for him to say that the investigation did not exonerate the president," said Representative Val Demings, another Democrat who sits on both panels.
Republicans are expected to raise questions with Mr Mueller about the integrity of the origins of the Russia probe in the FBI during Democrat Barack Obama's administration and the political leanings of the special counsel's staff members. Mr Trump has sought to portray the probe as an attempted coup.
The Justice Department on Monday sent a letter telling Mr Mueller to limit his testimony to merely discussing the public report, a directive that the Judiciary Committee chairman rejected as out of line.
But even if Mr Mueller's testimony proves disappointing enough to deflate impeachment chances, Democrats expect their continuing investigations to produce revelations that could damage Mr Trump's re-election prospects.
The heart of the Democratic strategy is to focus Mr Mueller's testimony on several examples of potential obstruction by Mr Trump, including his repeated efforts to get former White House Counsel Don McGahn to remove Mr Mueller and then deny that he had been directed to do so.
Lawmakers will also emphasise attempts by Mr Trump to his fired former Attorney-General Jeff Sessions to redirect the Russia probe away from his 2016 campaign, and possible witness tampering in public statements seen to discourage his former campaign chairman Paul Manafort and his former personal lawyer Michael Cohen from cooperating with federal investigations.
Democrats have said the report includes shocking evidence of misconduct that would result in criminal charges against any other American. The Justice Department has a longstanding policy against bringing criminal charges against a sitting president.