NEW YORK (REUTERS) - Goldman Sachs Group invested money from China's sovereign wealth fund in a California-based industrial company, and is looking for more US deals, three sources familiar with the matter said, even after increased scrutiny from Washington all but stopped US-China deals last year.
The Wall Street bank is managing a private equity fund called China-US Industrial Cooperation Partnership LP, which it launched with state-owned China Investment Corp (CIC) in November 2017 on the sidelines of US President Donald Trump's visit to Beijing.
The fund invested alongside Goldman to buy Boyd Corp, a Pleasanton, California-based manufacturer of rubber seals and gaskets, for US$3 billion (S$4 billion) last September, the sources said.
Chinese efforts to invest in US companies have been tripped up over the past year by Washington's concerns the Chinese were gaining control of sensitive technology or companies that played key roles in the economy.
Reuters reported on Wednesday (March 27) that the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), a US government panel that scrutinises deals for national security risks, asked the Chinese owner of the dating app Grindr to divest it, spurred on by data privacy concerns.
Goldman successfully argued to CFIUS, however, that its plan to buy Boyd should be allowed to proceed, the sources said.
CIC's novel partnership with Goldman illustrates how China is adapting to US curbs on its deal-making, which resulted in Chinese acquisitions of US companies plunging by 88 per cent year-on-year in 2018, according to financial data provider Refinitiv, as trade relations between the world's two largest economies deteriorated.
The Cooperation fund was set up expressly to help US companies penetrate the Chinese market. And the fund is touting CIC's involvement as a strategic advantage in accomplishing this goal.
In a confidential marketing document prepared for Goldman clients and seen by Reuters, the New York-based bank highlighted CIC's "efficient sourcing of commercial partners and customers", promising to "bring new pathways for growth via China".
"The Cooperation fund is a US fund run by a US manager, and is managed to be in compliance with all laws and regulations, including CFIUS," a Goldman spokesman said.
The sovereign fund said last summer that it planned to press ahead with the Cooperation fund despite US-China trade tensions, but details of its first deal have not been previously reported. The sources asked not to be identified because the Cooperation fund's details are confidential.
RIVAL CHINESE BIDDER BALKED
Even though Goldman received CFIUS clearance for the Boyd deal, it did not disclose publicly the Cooperation fund's involvement in the acquisition, and most of Boyd's 4,200 employees were not told about the Chinese money, the sources said.
A Moody's Investors Service credit rating note listed Boyd's acquirer as Goldman's flagship private equity fund West Street Capital Partners VII. After the deal, that fund transferred a minority stake in Boyd to the Cooperation fund, the sources said.
A Goldman spokesman declined to comment on why Goldman's Boyd-related announcements did not mention the Cooperation fund.
One Chinese company that sought to acquire Boyd outright had balked at the regulatory hurdles.
Kangde Xin Composite Material Group, a Chinese laminates manufacturer, said in regulatory announcements that it abandoned a bid for Boyd because it thought the "China-US trade friction" would make regulatory approval of the deal difficult.
Investment bankers said the company's failure to buy Boyd showed CIC would not have been able to do the deal without the structure offered by the Goldman fund.
"This is a really innovative structure, one which could go a long way to enable them to undertake transactions that would be hard for them to do otherwise," said Euan Rellie, co-founder of BDA Partners, an investment bank that specialises in cross-border deals, referring to the Goldman fund and CIC.
CIC, whose assets under management are approaching US$1 trillion, also has investments in other private equity funds.
But CIC does not typically help companies acquired by private equity funds it invests in grow in China.
CIC also calls itself an "anchor investor" in the Cooperation fund, and the sources said it holds a sizeable minority stake that is larger than its typical private equity fund investments.
"CIC is not involved in the investment management of the fund nor the operation of the fund's portfolio companies. CIC's role is to help Goldman Sachs, as the investment manager, identify and pursue opportunities for portfolio companies to do more business in China," the Goldman spokesman said.
The Cooperation fund, which targets US$5 billion in investment capital, plans to execute between one and three deals a year on average, adding up to as many as 12 over the duration of the fund, two of the sources said.
The fund is the most advanced in a series of similar investments by CIC.
In an interview with Chinese state-owned newspaper Securities Times earlier this month, CIC's president Tu Guangshao said bilateral cooperation funds were a strategy to "achieve a more favourable foreign investment regulatory environment" and "remove some barriers in cross-border investment".
Tu said CIC has inked a letter of intent for a Britain-China fund, signed a contract for a Japan-China Industrial Cooperation Fund and is "in preparation for" China cooperation funds with Italy and France.
"When you get a couple more cases like this that look successful, other sovereign wealth funds and foreign investors will adopt this model," said James Lewis, senior vice-president at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington-based think tank.