TALLAHASSEE (REUTERS) - Hurricane Michael, the strongest storm to hit Florida in a quarter century and the third-most powerful ever to strike the US mainland, roared into the state's Gulf coast on Wednesday (Oct 10) with tree-snapping winds and towering waves that flooded whole beach towns.
Michael, whose rapid intensification as it churned north over the Gulf of Mexico caught many by surprise, made landfall early in the afternoon near Mexico Beach, about 32km south-east of Panama City in Florida's Panhandle region, with top sustained winds reaching 249kmh.
The storm came ashore as a Category 4 hurricane on the five-step Saffir-Simpson wind scale. Its sustained winds were just 3.2kmh shy of an extremely rare Category 5.
Causing major disruptions to oil and gas production in the Gulf even before its arrival, the storm was forecast to unleash waves as high as 4.3m above normal sea levels in some areas, the National Hurricane Centre said.
"My God, it's scary. I didn't expect all this," said Bill Manning, 63, a grocery clerk who fled his camper van in Panama City for safer quarters in a hotel, only to see the electricity there go out.
"Panama City, I don't know if there will be much left."
Only a couple of hours after Michael came ashore, floodwaters were more than 2.3m deep near Apalachicola on Florida's Panhandle, National Hurricane Centre director Ken Graham said.
In a Facebook Live post, Graham said Michael would lose some of its punch but retain hurricane-strength winds as it pushed inland to the Alabama-Georgia border.
Authorities had urged coastal residents in 20 Florida counties along a 320km stretch of shoreline to head to higher ground before the storm, but anyone who had not fled by Wednesday morning was told it was too late to evacuate.
Much of the affected area is rural and dotted with small tourist towns, beaches and wildlife reserves, as well as the state capital, Tallahassee, home to about 190,000 people.
Even before Michael made full landfall, it was whipping trees with its winds and flooding the town of Port St Joe.
"It feels like you don't know when the next tree is going to fall on top of you because its blowing so ferociously," said Port St. Joe Mayor Bo Patterson. "It's very, very scary. We have trees being uprooted, heavy, heavy rain."
Patterson said about 2,500 of the town's 3,500 people had stayed put, including about 100 in a beachside area who ignored a mandatory evacuation order. "This happened so quickly, we weren't exactly prepared," he said.
Brock Long, head of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Fema), said early evacuation efforts in the area were slow.
Michael grew from a tropical storm into a Category 4 hurricane over the course of about 40 hours.
"Satellite images of Michael's evolution on Tuesday night were, in a word, jaw-dropping," wrote Bob Henson, a meteorologist with weather site Weather Underground.
With minimum barometric pressure recorded at 919 millibars, a measure of hurricane strength, Michael stood as the fiercest storm ever to hit Florida's Panhandle and the most intense anywhere in the state since Hurricane Andrew in 1992.
Michael also ranked as the third-most powerful storm on record to make landfall in the continental United States, after Hurricane Camille on the Mississippi Gulf Coast in 1969 and the so-called Labor Day hurricane of 1935 in the Florida Keys.
President Donald Trump declared a state of emergency for the entire state of Florida, freeing up federal assistance to supplement state and local disaster responses. He was briefed by Fema's Long in the Oval Office on preparations.
At mid-afternoon, about 162,000 homes and business customers were already without power in Florida, Georgia and Alabama, utility companies said.
Michael was forecast to move inland over the Panhandle on Wednesday afternoon, and across southeastern Alabama and southwestern Georgia on Wednesday night.
Helen Neal, 88, and her husband, J.W. Neal, 87, preferred to take their chances in a hotel rather than stay in their two-story Panama City Beach beachfront house about a mile away.
"We just finished renovating and updating," she said. "We're kind of nervous. God willing, we'll still have some place." About 2,500 National Guard troops were deployed to assist with evacuations and storm preparations, and more than 4,000 others were on standby.
Graham said Michael represented a "textbook case" of a hurricane system growing stronger as it drew near shore, in contrast to Hurricane Florence, which struck North Carolina last month after weakening in a slow, halting approach.
He said the storm would pack tropical storm-force winds when it reached the Carolinas, still reeling from post-Florence flooding. Up to 30cm of rainfall was forecast for some areas from Michael.
Florida Governor Rick Scott, a Republican running for the US Senate in November's congressional elections, declared a state of emergency in 35 Florida counties.
Georgia Governor Nathan Deal declared a state of emergency on Tuesday for 92 counties in his state, and a state of emergency also was announced in North Carolina.