DiCaprio, Obama issue call for action on climate change

Actor Leonardo DiCaprio, climate scientist Dr. Katharine Hayhoe and U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House on Oct 3, 2016. PHOTO: REUTERS

WASHINGTON (AFP) - Hollywood star Leonardo DiCaprio and US President Barack Obama joined forces on Monday (Oct 3) night on the White House lawn, calling for a strong and rapid mobilisation to curb rising worldwide temperatures.

"We are really in a race against time" said the US president, who has made the fight against global warming a priority of his two-term administration.

Mr Obama's appearance with Mr DiCaprio, who visited the White House to screen a new documentary, came as the Paris agreement on climate change was set to soon come into force.

Nearly a decade after his first environmental documentary, The 11th Hour, hit screens, the actor and producer, who won an Oscar earlier this year for his role in The Revenant, screened his new climate change flick, Before the Flood, which includes cameos by Mr Obama and Pope Francis.

The meeting between Mr Obama and Mr DiCaprio took place as part of a festival on the White House lawn titled South by South Lawn, which is meant to celebrate creativity and innovation and is modelled after the tech, movie and music conference South by Southwest, which is held every year in Austin, Texas.

"Urgent action must be taken," said Mr DiCaprio, a vocal Democrat, before turning his sights on the US presidential election on Nov 8.

"If you do not believe in climate change, you do not believe in facts or in science... and therefore, in my humble opinion, you should not be allowed to be in public office" he said.

The reference was a thinly veiled allusion to Republican presidential candidate Mr Donald Trump, who has openly questioned the existence of global warming and the impact human activities have on it.

Mr Obama has long insisted that world leaders take bold steps against global warming, acting against inertia or recalcitrance.

"Climate change is almost perversely designed to be very hard to solve politically," Mr Obama said.

"The natural inclination of political systems is to put that stuff off as long as possible," he added.

Mr Obama did however warn against a too austere approach, acknowledging that some people had legitimate concerns on the impact of an environmental transition, such as those who can't afford to buy a low-emission Prius or Tesla.

He also urged against the temptation to wait for revolutionary technological advances before adopting change, noting that an energy transition, by definition, would come bit by bit.

"If we just had the energy efficiency of Japan, we could reduce our energy consumption by 20 per cent," he said.

The main component of Mr Obama's "Clean Power Plan", which requires US power plants to undergo drastic reductions in CO2 emissions, has been placed on hold as it works its way through the US court system.

Critics of the plan say the restrictions it imposes are too costly, both in terms of implementation and job losses, for regions that live off the production of fossil fuels.

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change - in which Mr Obama was a key player by sealing an agreement with the world's other biggest polluter, China - is on the verge of entering into force.

India, the world's third-largest producer of greenhouse gas, ratified the agreement on Sunday (Oct 2), making it the latest big polluter to formally sign on.

The accord, sealed last December in Paris, needs ratification from 55 countries that account for at least 55 per cent of the planet's greenhouse gas emissions responsible for climate change.

With India's move, a total of 62 countries accounting for almost 52 per cent of emissions have now ratified the agreement to commit to take action to stem the planet's rising temperatures.

"I anticipate that this agreement will actually go into force in the next few weeks... much faster than many of us anticipated," Mr Obama said on Monday evening.

The Paris agreement requires all countries to devise plans to achieve the goal of keeping the rise of temperatures within two deg C above pre-industrial levels and strive for 1.5 deg C if possible.

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