WASHINGTON (REUTERS, AFP) - US President Joe Biden marked Ukraine’s Independence Day on Wednesday with US$3 billion (S$4.2 billion) in security assistance, Washington’s largest aid package since Russia’s invasion six months ago but one that could take months or even years to arrive in Kyiv.
The aid announcement came as US officials warned that Russia appeared to be planning to launch fresh attacks in coming days on Ukraine’s civilian infrastructure and government facilities.
“The United States of America is committed to supporting the people of Ukraine as they continue the fight to defend their sovereignty,” Biden said in a statement announcing the package, noting Kyiv’s “bittersweet” anniversary of independence from Russian-dominated Soviet rule 31 years ago.
The new package uses funds from the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative (USAI) appropriated by Congress to allow the Biden administration to procure weapons from industry, a process that can take time, rather than from existing US weapons stocks.
The speed depends on whether defence companies have assembly lines already working on the weapon, how much capacity they have and how long it could take to adjust schedules if needed.
White House spokesman John Kirby said the range of weapon systems would take different amounts of time to reach Ukraine, with the surface-to-air and radar systems taking longer.
Under Secretary of Defence for Policy Colin Kahl said that in some instances it would take one, two or even three years to get the weapons into Ukraine.
“The package of capabilities here are really aimed at getting Ukraine what they’re going to need in the medium to long term, so it’s not relevant to the fight today, tomorrow, next week,” Kahl told reporters.
“It is relevant to the ability of Ukraine to defend itself and deter further aggression a year from now, two years from now,” he added.
The Pentagon said the new package would include six additional surface-to-air missile systems known as Nasams, 24 counter-artillery radars, Puma drones and counter-drone systems known as Vampire.
The Vampire system uses small missiles to shoot drones out of the sky.
In total, the United States has committed more than US$13.5 billion in security assistance to Ukraine since the beginning of the Biden administration in January 2021.
Since 2014, the United States has committed more than US$15.5 billion in security assistance to Ukraine.
Biden hailed Ukraine's resistance against the invasion, which President Vladimir Putin launched on Feb 24 after years of unsuccessfully trying to reassert Russian control over a westward-looking country that has pushed strongly for membership in Nato and the European Union.
Thousands of soldiers on both sides and thousands of civilians have died in the largest-scale battles seen in Europe since World War II.
Despite Russian expectations of a quick victory, Ukrainian armed forces, which are trained and armed by Western allies, have pushed the invaders back to a swathe of territory in the country's east and south.
"Six months of relentless attacks have only strengthened Ukrainians' pride in themselves, in their country, and in their thirty-one years of independence," Biden said.
"Today and every day, we stand with the Ukrainian people."
However, despite rumours of a Ukrainian counter-offensive to try and retake large portions of occupied territory in the south, the battle lines remain largely frozen, indicating a possibly lengthy test of resolve for both sides, and also for Ukraine's Western backers.