BUENOS AIRES (AFP) - Argentina's Senate passed a tax on about 12,000 of the country's richest people on Friday (Dec 4), to pay for coronavirus measures including medical supplies and relief for the poor and small businesses.
In a session streamed live on YouTube, and after a long and polarising debate, the so-called solidarity contribution was signed into law with 42 votes in favour and 26 against, as the pro-government alliance flexed its majority.
The government of President Alberto Fernandez hopes to raise 300 billion pesos (S$4.9 billion) with the one-off levy, which earlier passed the Chamber of Deputies with 133 for votes to 115 against.
Argentina's population of 44 million people has been badly hit by the coronavirus, with more than 1.4 million cases and over 39,500 deaths, according to figures from Johns Hopkins University.
The pandemic has exacerbated already high unemployment and poverty rates in a country which has been in recession since 2018.
Under the scheme - also dubbed the "millionaire's tax" - people with declared assets greater than 200 million pesos will pay a progressive rate of up to 3.5 per cent on wealth in Argentina and up to 5.25 per cent on wealth outside the country.
Of the proceeds, 20 per cent will go to medical supplies for the pandemic, another 20 per cent to small and medium-sized businesses, 15 per cent to social developments, 20 per cent to student scholarships and 25 per cent to natural gas ventures.
Director of the tax agency Mercedes Marco del Pont said it will affect almost 12,000 taxpayers.
"The tax reaches 0.8 per cent of total taxpayers," said one of the authors of the project, legislator Carlos Heller.
"Forty-two per cent have dollarised assets, of which 92 per cent is located abroad."
He said the plan was "far from taxing productive activity".
On the opposite side, Mr Daniel Pelegrina, president of the powerful Argentine Rural Society (SRA), warned that Mr Heller "wants to present it as a contribution of the richest, but we know what happens with all those unique taxes, they stay forever".
The neo-liberal Juntos por el Cambio coalition, of former president Mauricio Macri, said it was a "confiscatory" measure.