RAMALLAH, PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES (AFP) - The Palestinian government submitted its resignation on Tuesday (Jan 29), a statement said, a move seen as a bid by President Mahmoud Abbas to strengthen his position as a decade-old political split deepens.
Analysts view replacing Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah after five years as part of Mr Abbas' efforts to further isolate his political rivals Hamas, who run the Gaza Strip.
Mr Hamdallah's government will remain in place while a new administration is formed.
"The government of Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah submitted on Tuesday its resignation to President Mahmoud Abbas," official news agency Wafa said in English following a Cabinet meeting.
The government "will continue to serve our people wherever they are and shoulder all its responsibilities until a new government is formed", it added.
It was unclear how the change of government could impact on policy. Secularist Abbas remains the primary decision maker and interlocutor with the international community.
Palestinian politics has essentially been paralysed since 2007, when Islamist group Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip from Mr Abbas' forces in a near civil war, a year after winning parliamentary elections.
Since then, Mr Abbas' governments have maintained limited self-rule in the occupied West Bank, while Hamas has led a rival government in the strip.
Israel and Hamas, which is considered a terrorist organisation by the United States, the European Union and others, have since fought three wars in Gaza.
The division between the Palestinian parties is seen as a key issue preventing progress in solving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and improving the situation in the impoverished enclave.
Multiple attempts to reach a reconciliation agreement between Fatah and Hamas have failed.
It was during one such attempt in 2014 that Mr Hamdallah formed what was labelled a national unity government, with both Fatah and Hamas backing a government made up nominally of technocrats.
Since then relations have again worsened and Mr Hamdallah survived an assassination attempt in 2018 when an explosion hit his convoy during a rare visit to Hamas-controlled Gaza.
Palestinian government officials accused Hamas of responsibility, claims the Islamist group denied.
The new government is expected to be made up only of parties that are members of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, which does not include Hamas or its allies Islamic Jihad.
Hamas condemned the government's resignation, saying Mr Abbas was seeking to establish a "separatist government" to serve his interests.
"Our people need a national unity government," spokesman Fawzi Barhoum said in a statement.
Fatah officials said they had begun consultations regarding forming a new government, though no timeframe was announced.
Mr Abbas has taken a series of punitive measures in recent years to try, in vain, to force Hamas to hand over the reins of power in Gaza.
Analysts say such measures increase suffering in the strip, which is already under a crippling Israeli blockade.
Israel maintains a military occupation of the West Bank, but Mr Hamdallah's government has self-rule in key cities.
The change in government comes amid a historic breakdown in relations between Mr Abbas and the United States.
US President Donald Trump has pledged to propose a peace agreement, but Mr Abbas has refused to talk with his administration since he broke with decades of international consensus and moved his country's Israel embassy to Jerusalem in May last year.
Palestinians see the eastern part of the disputed city as the capital of their future state.