GENEVA (AFP, REUTERS) - Glaring Covid-19 vaccine inequality has created a "two-track pandemic" with Western countries protected and poorer nations still exposed, World Health Organisation (WHO) head Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said on Monday (June 7), renewing pleas for shot donations.
"Increasingly, we see a two-track pandemic," Director-General Tedros told reporters during a press conference from Geneva. "Six months since the first Covid-19 vaccines were administered, high-income countries have administered almost 44 per cent of the world's doses."
"Low-income countries have administered just 0.4 per cent. The most frustrating thing about this statistic is that it hasn't changed in months."
“The inequitable distribution of vaccines has allowed the virus to continue spreading, increasing the chances of a variant emerging that renders vaccines less effective,” said Dr Tedros. “Inequitable vaccination is a threat to all nations, not just those with the fewest vaccines."
The WHO on Monday called for Covid-19 vaccine manufacturers to give Covax first refusal on new doses, or commit half of their volumes to the global jab equity scheme. Dr Tedros said manufacturers should turn their attention to the Covax facility, which has struggled to get donation-funded doses to poorer countries.
He voiced his frustration that several poor countries have been unable to immunise their health workers, the elderly and other populations most vulnerable to severe Covid-19 disease.
Some rich countries meanwhile, having bought up vaccine supply, are drawing up preparations to start vaccinating children, he said.
Dr Tedros has called for a massive global effort to vaccinate at least 10 per cent of the population of all countries by September, and at least 30 per cent by the end of the year. That will require an additional 250 million doses by September, with 100 million doses in June and July alone.
“This weekend, the G-7 leaders will meet for their annual summit,” Dr Tedros told journalists. “These seven nations have the power to meet these targets."
“I am calling on the G-7 not just to commit to sharing doses, but to commit to sharing them in June and July,” he said. “I also call on all manufacturers to give Covax first right of refusal on new volume of Covid-19 vaccines, or to commit 50 per cent of their volumes to Covax this year.”
Manufacturers in the spotlight
Covax was set up to ensure equitable distribution of vaccines, particularly to low-income countries, and has delivered more than 80 million doses to 129 territories. But that is about 200 million doses behind where it had hoped to be, says the WHO.
For vaccines to be eligible for Covax, they need to have been approved by the WHO and given its emergency use listing status. So far, the UN health agency has given the green light to vaccines created by AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech, Sinopharm and Sinovac. A handful of others have started the validation process.
Covax is co-led by the WHO, Gavi and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations. It intends to procure enough vaccines for 30 per cent of the population in 91 of the poorest participating territories – 20 per cent in India – with donors covering the cost.
But Covax has been hit by inequalities in the global vaccine roll-out, and also delivery delays. AstraZeneca shots make up 97 per cent of doses supplied so far, while the rest come from Pfizer-BioNTech.