US patrol boats sent to beef up Ukrainian Navy near Black Sea

A US cargo ship carrying US Coast Guard cutters, sails in the Dardanelles, on its way to the Black Sea, on Nov 20, 2021. PHOTO: REUTERS

KYIV (REUTERS) - A ship carrying two refitted former US Coast Guard patrol boats designed to beef up the Ukrainian Navy transited the Dardanelles strait on Saturday (Nov 20), days after Ukraine said it feared Russia might be preparing an attack on it.

The ship carrying the two Island-class patrol boats departed Baltimore for the Ukrainian port of Odessa on Nov 8.

Ukrainian sailors have already undergone extensive training on the vessels in the United States. Ukraine got two similar vessels in 2019.

The two new boats are part of a security package to Ukraine worth over US$2.5 billion (S$3.4 billion) since 2014, the year when Russia annexed the Crimean Peninsula and Russian-backed separatists seized a swathe of eastern Ukraine, the US embassy in Kyiv says.

The US, Ukraine and Nato have accused Russia of threatening behaviour towards Kyiv in recent weeks alleging that it has built up its forces in proximity to Ukraine in an unusual way.

Russia says it has the right to move its troops anywhere it wants on its own territory and is not planning to attack anyone.

The Kremlin said in September that Nato would cross a Russian red line if it expanded its military infrastructure in Ukraine, and Moscow has since accused Ukraine and Nato of destabilising behaviour, including in the Black Sea.

Kyiv lost most of its Black Sea naval power after the annexation of Crimea when Russia seized much of its navy. It has since been trying to rebuild its navy with the help of Nato countries.

The US State Department this summer approved the potential sale to Ukraine of up to 16 Mark VI patrol boats and equipment for an estimated US$600 million.

Ukraine, which strives to become a Nato member, received a large consignment of US ammunition earlier this year and Javelin anti-tank missiles, prompting criticism from Moscow which has said it has serious security concerns about the prospect of Ukraine joining Nato one day.

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