Ukraine forces to retreat from Sievierodonetsk

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KYIV (AFP, REUTERS) - Ukraine signalled on Friday (June 24) its troops were withdrawing from the city of Sievierodonetsk, scene of weeks of heavy fighting, a move that would be a significant setback in its struggle to defeat Russian forces.

Provincial governor Serhiy Gaidai said troops in the city had already received the order to move to new positions, but he did not indicate whether they had already done so or where exactly they were going.

“Remaining in positions smashed to pieces over many months just for the sake of staying there does not make sense,” Gaidai said on Ukrainian television.

The troops will “have to be withdrawn”, he said.

Gaidai was speaking on the day that marked four months since Russian President Vladimir Putin sent tens of thousands of troops over the border, unleashing a conflict that has now killed thousands of combatants and civilians, uprooted several million people, and has seen Ukrainian cities blasted to bits by Russian artillery and air strikes.

The war has also fuelled a global energy and food crisis.

Some of the heaviest fighting of the war has taken place in Sievierodonetsk, where street-by-street combat has raged for a month with Russia painstakingly taking more ground.

Capturing Sievierodonetsk in the Donbas area has been a key goal of the Russians as they seek to seize a swathe of eastern Ukraine.

It is the last remaining Ukrainian-held sliver of Luhansk province, which along with Donetsk makes up the Donbas region, Ukraine’s industrial heartland.

Sievierodonetsk’s fall would leave only Lysychansk – its sister city on the western bank of the Siverskyi Donets River - remaining in Ukrainian hands.

Ukrainian defence ministry spokesperson Oleksandr Motuzyanyk said on Friday Russian forces seek to surround Lysychansk.

Earlier in the day, a local Ukrainian official said a district south of Lysychansk was "fully occupied" by Russian forces.

“Unfortunately, as of today... the entire Hirske district is occupied,” Hirske’s municipal head Oleksiy Babchenko said on a television broadcast. “There are some insignificant, local battles going on at the outskirts, but the enemy has entered.”

Russia’s defence ministry said on Friday it had encircled about 2,000 Ukrainian troops, including 80 foreign fighters, at Hirske. Reuters could not independently verify the claim.

Russia’s tactics since its troops failed to capture the capital Kyiv in the early stages of the war involve ferocious bombardments of cities and towns followed by assaults by ground troops.

Analysts say the Russian forces are taking heavy casualties and face problems in leadership, supplies and morale.

Nonetheless, they are grinding down Ukrainian resistance and making incremental gains in the east and south.

Ukraine’s general staff said on Friday the Russians were firing from tanks, mortars, artillery and jets, as well as mounting air strikes near Lysychansk and Sievierodonetsk and nearby towns. Reuters could not immediately verify the reports.

The smoke over Sievierodonetsk is seen from Lysychansk, Ukraine, on June 12, 2022. PHOTO: NYTIMES

EU boost

Despite Ukraine’s battlefield difficulties, it has been bolstered by support from the West. On Thursday, European leaders approved Ukraine’s formal candidature to join the European Union.

Although the journey to full membership will take years, the move was a boost to Ukrainian morale – and will anger Putin.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky told EU leaders in Brussels on Thursday their decision to accept Kyiv’s candidacy was among the most important for Ukraine since it broke from the Soviet Union 31 years ago.

“But this decision is not just being made for the benefit of Ukraine,” he said. “It is the biggest step towards strengthening Europe that could have been made right now...when the Russian war is testing our ability to preserve freedom and unity.”

Ukrainian servicemen watch as a tank fires towards Russian troops in the industrial area of the city of Sievierodonetsk, on June 20, 2022. PHOTO: REUTERS

Moscow launched what it calls its “special military operation” on Feb 24, saying it wanted to ensure security on its borders. Kyiv and the West say Putin launched an unprovoked invasion to grab Ukrainian territory and bring the country back into Moscow’s fold.

Russian control of the Donbas would allow it to link up with the already occupied Crimea to the south, which Moscow annexed from Ukraine in 2014.

Russian forces were blocking Ukrainian sea communications in the north-west part of the Black Sea and were seeking to resume the offensive in the Mykolaviv area, the general staff said.

A river port and ship-building centre just off the Black Sea, Mykolaiv has been a bastion against Russian efforts to push West towards Ukraine’s main port city of Odesa.

A tank of the Ukrainian Armed Forces its seen in the industrial area of the city of Sievierodonetsk, on June 20, 2022. PHOTO: REUTERS

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