PARIS (REUTERS) - French wine production will fall 12 per cent this year after vines were damaged by spring frosts, drought and hail, but quality will remain generally good, the Agriculture Ministry said on Tuesday (Aug 27).
In its second estimate for 2019, the ministry forecast production of 43.4 million hectolitres, down from 49.4 million in 2018 when output had benefited from good weather conditions.
Last month, the farm ministry put French output in 2019 in a range of 42.8 million to 46.4 million hectolitres.
A hectolitre (100 litres) is the equivalent of about 133 standard wine bottles.
In many vineyards, flowering occurred in rainy and cold weather, while heat and hail have also contributed to a decline in production potential, the ministry said in a note.
However, the situation will vary by region.
Record-breaking heatwaves in June and July affected some regions in the south, such as the Gard, Herault or Var, causing burns on the grapes and production losses, it said.
By contrast, in some vineyards, early rainfall in August has helped to limit the impact of heat, while hailstorms caused damage in the Beaujolais area where, along with Burgundy, output is expected to fall 26 per cent from last year.
Champagne production this year is expected to drop 17 per cent owing mainly to hot weather, while Bordeaux output would shed 4 per cent.
By mid-August, French vineyards had mostly caught up their delayed growth compared with 2018, when the harvest was one of the earliest, the ministry said.
French wine grapes are harvested in late summer and early autumn, and the ministry said its estimates were tentative given uncertainty over conditions until the harvest.
Separately, a United States threat to impose tariffs on French wine in response to a French tax on big digital companies is receding - albeit not lifted definitively, France's finance minister said on Tuesday.