Coronavirus: Global powers unleash trillions of dollars to stem spiralling crisis

A couple wearing protective face masks kiss in the Borgo Pio district of Rome, Italy, March 17, 2020.
A couple wearing protective face masks kiss in the Borgo Pio district of Rome, Italy, March 17, 2020.PHOTO: EPA-EFE

WASHINGTON/LONDON (REUTERS) - The world's richest nations prepared more costly measures on Tuesday (March 17) to combat the global fallout of the coronavirus that has infected tens of thousands of people, triggered social restrictions unseen since World War II and sent economies spinning towards recession.

With the highly contagious respiratory disease that originated in China racing across the world to infect more than 196,000 people so far, governments on every continent have implemented draconian containment measures from halting travel to stopping sporting events and religious gatherings.

While the main aim is to avoid deaths - currently at over 7,800 - global powers were also focusing on how to limit the inevitably devastating economic impact.

In the world's biggest economy, US President Donald Trump's administration has proposed pumping US$1 trillion (S$1.4 trillion) into the market.

Trump wants to send cash to Americans within two weeks as the country's death toll approached 100 and more testing sent the number of coronavirus cases to over 5,700.

Airlines are among the worst-hit sector, with US carriers seeking at least US$50 billion in grants and loans to stay afloat as passenger numbers evaporate.

Britain, which has told people to avoid pubs, clubs, restaurants, cinemas and theaters, unveiled a £330 billion (S$570 billion) rescue package for businesses threatened with collapse.

Budget forecasters said the scale of borrowing needed might resemble the vast amount of debt taken on during the 1939-1945 war against Nazi Germany.

"Now is not a time to be squeamish about public sector debt," Robert Chote, head of the Office for Budget Responsibility, which provides independent analysis of the UK's public finances, told lawmakers.


Underlining how the crisis has shaken even the most august of institutions, Britain's Church of England suspended services while 93-year-old Queen Elizabeth was to move from Buckingham Place to Windsor Castle outside London, where she and her sister, Margaret, were sent for safety during the blitz of London in World War II.

France is to pump €45 billion (S$70 billion) of crisis measures into its economy to help companies and workers, with output expected to contract 1 per cent this year.

"I have always defended financial rigour in peacetime so that France does not have to skimp on its budget in times of war," Budget Minister Gerald Darmanin was quoted as saying by financial daily Les Echos.

The European Union eased its rules to allow companies to receive state grants up to €500,000 or guarantees on bank loans to ensure liquidity.

But even with the promised cash splurges, world stock markets and oil prices were unable to shake off their coronavirus nightmare after Wall Street on Monday saw its worst rout since the Black Monday crash of 1987.

The Philippines was the first country to close markets, while Europe - now the epicenter of the pandemic - saw airline and travel stocks plunge another 7 per cent.

With various central banks around the world having cut interest rates to try and help beleaguered economies, investors fret that the banks may have used up their policy ammunition early with far longer to go before the global health crisis is curbed.


A global recession beckons, with parallels to the 2008 financial crisis, economists say, though many predict a quick bounce-back once the outbreak clears.


Sports events continued to fall by the wayside.

Soccer's Euro 2020 championship and South America's Copa America both were put back to 2021.

Pakistan suspended its cricket Super League after an overseas player developed symptoms of coronavirus, the Kentucky Derby horse race was postponed from May until September, and there was continued speculation over the fate of the Olympics in Japan.

Around the world, bad news was relentless.

Brazil recorded its first coronavirus death while Peru put its military on the streets.

Israel's government authorised the Shin Bet security service to use cellphone-monitoring technology usually used for anti-terrorism to retrace movements of infected people.

Iran temporarily freed about 85,000 prisoners.

Daily life was turned upside down for millions worldwide.

"Everything has ground to a halt," said Tiziana Marra, a wedding planner in Italy, Europe's worst-hit nation, where the epidemic has created havoc for nuptials.

"It is as if people are preparing for war," said an astonished shopkeeper in Rwanda, as panicked consumers clamoured to stock up on rice, cooking oil, sugar and flour.

"Prices have gone up - but still they buy."