GENEVA/PARIS (REUTERS) - Airlines on Thursday (March 12) appealed for urgent government financial support as transatlantic carriers rushed to cut flights in the wake of new US travel restrictions on Europeans aimed at combating the coronavirus outbreak.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA), a global industry group representing airlines, called on governments to consider extending lines of credit, reducing infrastructure costs and cutting taxes.
US travel curbs on much of continental Europe announced by President Donald Trump on Wednesday evening deepened the sector's misery that began after the virus emerged in China late last year and reduced traffic.
"Without a lifeline from governments we will have a sectoral financial crisis piled on top of the public health emergency,"said IATA director-general Alexandre de Juniac.
Stock markets battered airlines amid growing concerns about the sector's financial viability.
Norwegian Air said it would cut 4,000 flights and temporarily lay off up to half of its employees due to the coronavirus outbreak, while Delta Air Lines said it would cancel flights on eight U.S. routes to Europe after Friday.
US airports told the White House they expected to lose at least US$3.7 billion (S$5.1 billion) this year - an estimate made before the latest European restrictions.
The 30-day US restrictions will badly disrupt transatlantic traffic key to the earnings of major European carriers and their US airline partners, analysts warned.
Those routes account for 20-30 per cent of large European operators'revenue and a majority of profit, Credit Suisse analyst Neil Glynn warned, "highlighting the damage to revenue lines for the coming weeks and potentially well into the summer."
Glynn added that airlines would likely be forced to make heavier cuts than the drastic capacity reductions ordered as airlines scrapped flights - first to China and then to other destinations including Italy as the virus spread.
Shares in European and US airlines slumped in turn to new lows, with Delta falling 15 per cent and United Airlines 18 per cent, while American Airlines was per cent% lower.
Air France-KLM closed down 12.7 per cent, British Airways parent IAG down 16 per cent and Lufthansa 14 per cent lower.
Troubled Norwegian Air fell 33 per cent and US-dependent Icelandair fell 23 per cent. Icelandair said it would cancel some flights but pledged to continuing flying between Europe and the United States.
The US curbs on travel from the 26-country Schengen Area - which excludes Britain and Ireland - are similar to restrictions on China that took effect on Feb. 1 and do not apply to US residents or their immediate family.
Bernstein analyst Daniel Roeska predicted a "more substantial" earnings impact than European carriers had suffered from the earlier China flight suspensions.
US airlines had already cut flight schedules to Italy and will take another hit from lower demand for flights from major destinations such as France and Germany.
Among them, American Airlines could be relatively spared by its alliance with British Airways (BA) and higher share of UK traffic, while Air France-KLM partner Delta and Lufthansa ally United Airlines are likely to suffer more, analysts say.
US Vice-President Mike Pence defended the travel curbs on Thursday, after the European Union complained they had been imposed "unilaterally and without consultation".
The virus has taken root in the United States after spreading from China to Italy, South Korea, Iran and elsewhere.
The global travel slump looks increasingly likely to require government aid to avoid widespread insolvencies. The European Union will publish new state-aid guidelines on Friday.
Germany may extend loans and other support to airlines, a government official said on Thursday. The French government also stands ready to help Air France-KLM, Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said.
"There is a need for measures from many governments," said Norwegian pilots' union president Yngve Carlsen. "This could lead to a total meltdown."
Scandinavian carrier SAS is in talks with the Swedish and Danish governments about potential support measures, a company spokeswoman said.
EU airlines have seized on the crisis to push back on green taxes designed to help the bloc meet climate goals - including proposals to end current tax exemptions on jet fuel.
"New fiscal burdens should be postponed until the industry is back on a sound operational and financial footing," lobby group Airlines for Europe said.
The latest travel clampdown could make coronavirus worse than previous aviation crises including the 9/11 attacks of 2001, British-based consultant John Strickland said.
"It's coming at the end of the northern hemisphere winter, which is a weak period for airline finances (when) they should be sowing seeds of a strong summer season by getting the bookings in," he said.
There were panicky European airport scenes as travellers scrambled to fly to the United States before the restrictions take effect late on March 13.
The fallout is also spreading fast from travel and tourism to aerospace and other industries.
Safran, the world's third-biggest aerospace group, sees a growing threat to aircraft and engine order books, chief executive Philippe Petitcolin said on Thursday, adding more cost cuts were now being drawn up.
ADP declined to comment on a report it was preparing to close Terminal 3 at Roissy Charles de Gaulle, the French capital's main aviation hub. Norway may close several airports, operator Avinor said.
Italy announced the partial closure of Rome's main airports to commercial aviation in response to its own travel lockdown.
Near-empty airports in Milan and elsewhere may follow, a government source told Reuters.
The travel curbs will also decimate European tourists'spending in the United States. In March 2019, European visitors accounted for 29 per cent of arrivals and US$3.4 billion in spending, the US Travel Association said.
"Temporarily shutting off travel from Europe is going to exacerbate the already-heavy impact of coronavirus on the travel industry and the 15.7 million Americans whose jobs depend on travel," US Travel Association president Roger Dow said.