OTTAWA (REUTERS) - Canada's Covid-19 vaccine mandate for Members of Parliament is helping Liberal Prime Minister Justin Trudeau exploit divisions in the opposition Conservative Party, some of whose lawmakers will be shut out when the House of Commons reconvenes next week.
Conservative leader Erin O'Toole, whose party finished second in seats in the Sept 20 election, has been unable to persuade a portion of his caucus to get inoculated against Covid-19, which means those legislators will not be let into the House when it reopens on Monday (Nov 22).
The party declines to say how many of its parliamentary members are unvaccinated. Mr O'Toole encourages the use of vaccines and says his caucus will follow House rules, but some leading figures in his party want accommodations.
The party split is undermining Mr O'Toole as he fights to ward off a leadership review.
Late on Tuesday (Nov 16), the party removed Conservative Senator Denise Batters from its national caucus after she launched a petition to oust Mr O'Toole, saying he was a poor and untrustworthy leader.
"I will not tolerate an individual discrediting and showing a clear lack of respect towards the efforts of the entire Conservative caucus," Mr O'Toole said in a statement.
To appease the right wing of his party, Mr O'Toole opposed vaccine mandates during the campaign and allowed his candidates not to be inoculated, even though most Conservative voters embraced vaccines.
"The vaccination issue is sort of coming back and repeating on the (Conservative) party as its absolute worst liability,"said Ms Shachi Kurl, executive director of the Angus Reid Institute, a research foundation.
Mr O'Toole is "a leader who clearly does not feel he can push back in a strong way against that libertarian-minded, freedom-minded segment of the Conservative caucus," she added.
Mr Trudeau narrowly won the September election and ended up with another minority government that forces him to depend on opposition parties to pass legislation.
The two other main opposition parties side with the Liberals on vaccines, isolating the Conservatives in what a senior government source called a "dangerous and risky" position on Covid-19 as cases spike again across the country.
Speaking to his caucus last week for the first time since the election, Mr Trudeau chided the Conservatives for "stepping up to stand against vaccination, to stand against science, to stand against being there for each other."
Mr Trudeau's tough stance on vaccine mandates is putting some 13,000 civil servants on unpaid leave because of their refusal to get inoculated, a move supported by 70 per cent of Canadians, according to a recent Ekos Research poll.
Some 85 per cent of eligible Canadians have been vaccinated.
In the US Congress, CNN has reported that all Democrats are vaccinated, while some Republican members openly say they are not. There is a mask requirement in Congress, but no vaccine requirement. Canada also has a mask requirement while in Parliament.
Conservative lawmaker Marilyn Gladu, who challenged Mr O'Toole in a party leadership race last year, is forming a "civil liberties" working group of 15 to 30 members to stand up for privacy and for a "reasonable accommodation" for unvaccinated workers.
Ms Leslyn Lewis, who also ran for the party leadership last year, has tweeted her opposition to vaccine mandates, as have a handful of others.
Mr Garry Keller, a former senior Conservative Party staffer who is now vice-president at public affairs consultancy Strategy Corp, said it is fine to quietly discuss the differences within the caucus. "But generally speaking, this is a loser of an issue amongst the vast majority of Canadian voters, so why do you want to go down this road?"