SYDNEY • Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison has sought support for an international investigation into the coronavirus pandemic in phone calls with US President Donald Trump as well as the German and French leaders overnight, the government said yesterday.
Canberra's push for an independent review of the origins and spread of the virus, including the response of the World Health Organisation (WHO), has drawn sharp criticism from China, which has accused Australian lawmakers of taking instructions from the US.
The coronavirus, believed to have emerged in a market in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, was first reported by China to the WHO on Dec 31.
WHO officials arrived in Wuhan on Jan 20, after the virus had spread to three other countries.
It has since infected some 2.3 million people globally and killed nearly 160,000, according to Reuters calculations.
Mr Morrison said on Twitter yesterday that he had "a very constructive discussion" with Mr Trump on the two nations' health responses to Covid-19 and the need to get economies up and running.
"We also talked about the WHO & working together to improve the transparency & effectiveness of the international responses to pandemics," he tweeted.
Mr Morrison also spoke to German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron by phone about the role of the WHO, his office said.
Australia is examining whether the WHO should be given powers, similar to international weapons inspectors, to enter a country to investigate an outbreak without having to wait for consent, a government source told Reuters.
The White House has been fiercely critical of China and the WHO, and has withdrawn US funding from the United Nations agency.
Senior Australian lawmakers have also questioned Beijing's transparency over the pandemic.
Ties between Australia and China have soured in recent years, with Canberra the first government to exclude Chinese telecoms equipment maker Huawei Technologies from its 5G network. Still, China is Australia's largest trading partner, buying more than one-third of the country's exports, particularly iron ore and coal.
China's embassy in Canberra said in a statement late on Tuesday that Australian lawmakers were acting as the mouthpiece of Mr Trump and "certain Australian politicians are keen to parrot what those Americans have asserted and simply follow them in staging political attacks on China".
But Foreign Affairs Minister Marise Payne has instead cast Australia as taking the lead in establishing an investigation because it was "a liberal democracy with a proved history of shaping constructive global cooperation".
No country "need feel singled out", she wrote in The Australian newspaper.
Mr Richard McGregor, a senior fellow at foreign policy think-tank The Lowy Institute, said the vitriolic reaction from Chinese diplomats towards Australia, even as France and Germany also called for more transparency from Beijing, showed "how bad bilateral relations are".
Mr Morrison had been restrained in his comments about China, Mr McGregor said, "but that doesn't seem to have won him any brownie points in Beijing, which now has a settled view of Australia as a US lackey".
Ties between Australia and China have soured in recent years, with Canberra the first government to exclude Chinese telecoms equipment maker Huawei Technologies from its 5G network.
Still, China is Australia's largest trading partner, buying more than one-third of the country's exports, particularly iron ore and coal.
Australia has recorded just over 6,600 cases of the virus nationally, with four new cases yesterday.
Infection rates have slowed from 25 per cent in mid-March to less than 1 per cent a day.
Local lawmakers plan to ease some curbs, with the iconic Bondi Beach in Sydney set to partially reopen next week.