WASHINGTON (AFP) - In his fiery speeches and Twitter blitzes, President Donald Trump has forcefully claimed ownership of the American economy's vigorous health while denigrating the legacy of Barack Obama, the president in office during most of the last decade's expansion.
Following Friday's blockbuster August jobs report, and with nail-biting midterm elections less than 60 days away, the 44th and 45th presidents crossed swords, with Trump continuing to counterpunch through the weekend and into Monday morning.
"The Economy is sooo good, perhaps the best in our country's history," Trump tweeted Monday, adding moments later that he had taken GDP growth over 4.2 per cent "and we will do much better than this!"
Trump also tweeted - falsely - that GDP growth had surpassed the unemployment rate "for the first time in over 100 years".
Official data show this has happened frequently in the post-World War II era, according to AFP fact-checking, and the White House acknowledged Monday the tweet was incorrect Obama on Friday had called for an end to the crowing from the White House.
"I have to kind of remind them, actually," he said in an address in Illinois, "those job numbers are the same as they were in 2015 and 2016."
In a detailed presentation on Monday, top White House economist Kevin Hassett told reporters the world's largest economy turned a corner in the Trump era, pointing to sharp gains in business investment, business sentiment and corporate registrations.
"The notion that what we're seeing right now is just a continuation of trends is not super defensible," he said.
It has been rare for an economic expansion to stretch between presidencies of opposite parties, which usually try to shift blame for a slowdown.
Recessions bookended the start and end of George W. Bush's presidency and marked the end of George H.W. Bush's.
They also occurred at the end of Jimmy Carter's and the start of Ronald Reagan's - leaving Trump and Obama in an unusual tug-of-war for credit.
But economists tell AFP the truth is closer to splitting the baby: neither president is solely responsible and yet both deserve some of the credit for an economic recovery that without a doubt began under Obama.
"Given the two presidents involved, pyrotechnics and bombast were going to happen whether there was a recovery or not," said Douglas Holtz-Eakin, a former director of the Congressional Budget Office and adviser to former Republican presidential candidate John McCain.
Strong jobs, low job approval
"There's no question that there's a mixture of credit involved. President Obama took office during the worst downturn since the Great Depression," he said.
Meanwhile, Trump has slashed regulations to energise businesses.
Certainly, the economy is in usually good health: job creation has averaged 211,000 net new positions a month this year, the highest since 2015, when Obama was in charge.
Unemployment rate is at near-20-year lows, but recorded its steepest declines while Obama was in charge.
The economy grew at a 4.2 per cent clip in the second quarter, the fastest since the third quarter of 2014 - again, under Obama.
The International Monetary Fund currently predicts 2.9 per cent growth this year and next, marking the longest period of expansion in US history.
Last month, a Quinnipiac University poll showed the public may be starting to give Trump an increasing degree of credit for the rosy state of affairs: 52 per cent credited Trump, while only 37 per cent credited Obama.
Yet, in another unusual twist, Trump's popularity has been consistently and historically low despite the relatively good economic times.
Jared Bernstein, who served as chief economist to Vice President Joe Biden in the Obama Administration, said Trump's deficit-financed stimulus and tax cuts likely boosted growth in the short term.
But Trump is to a large extent standing on Obama's shoulders, he said.
"The data are clear that the expansion began under President Obama and if you just draw a straight line through much of it, you'll find that Trump is just riding on the trends that he inherited," said Bernstein.
He also noted that the fruits of the economic recovery have not been shared evenly.
Since Trump took office, after-tax corporate profits are up 15 per cent while the S&P 500, a broad-based index of Wall Street stock prices, is up 20 percent.
But hourly pay for mid-wages workers in that time has risen only a paltry 0.5 per cent, he said.
"So much of the growth is going into corporate profits and not enough into paychecks," said Bernstein.
"When people ask me, 'how's the economy doing?' I ask them, whose economy are you talking about?"