SAN SALVADOR (REUTERS) - The mother of a Salvadoran man who drowned with his young daughter while trying to reach US soil, becoming a global symbol of the perils of migration, said she urged her son not to leave, fearing danger would meet him on the long journey north.
A harrowing photograph of Mr Oscar Alberto Martinez and his toddler daughter Valeria lying face down on the banks of the Rio Grande river between the United States and Mexico ricocheted across social media this week and renewed debate in the US about the plight of Central American migrants.
Speaking with Reuters from her home in the central municipality of San Martin, Ms Rosa Ramirez, Oscar's mother, cradled two of her granddaughter's most treasured toys, a blue-eyed baby doll and a stuffed purple monkey. Her friends have urged her to store her son and granddaughter's belongings, but she is not ready for that yet.
"Ever since he first told me that they wanted to go, I told him not to," Ms Ramirez said, recalling conversations with her son.
"I had a feeling, it was such an ugly premonition. As a mother, I sensed that something could happen."
Despite his mother's pleas, Oscar and his family left El Salvador in April, hoping to find work in the US and eventually buy a house, Ms Ramirez said.
"That was his dream, a good future for his family," she said.
Exasperated by the wait to apply for asylum, the family attempted to swim to US soil on Sunday (June 23), an immigration official in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas said.
Ms Tania Vanessa Avalos, Oscar's wife, survived, screaming "Where is my husband?" as rescue workers at the river bank carried away a stretcher covered with a white sheet, video images show.
The photograph of Oscar and Valeria, nestled beside her father with her arm draped around his neck, drew comparisons to an iconic 2015 shot of Aylan Kurdi, a three-year-old Syrian refugee, whose body washed up on the shores of the Mediterranean.
"It's astonishing to see this photo," Ms Ramirez said, reflecting on the image of her son and granddaughter. "He never let her go. You can see how he protected her."
The United Nations refugee agency said the photo from the US border represents "a failure to address the violence and desperation pushing people to take journeys of danger".
Pope Francis expressed great sorrow upon viewing the image, said the Vatican, whose newspaper published the photograph on its front page.
Many asylum seekers at the border flee their homes in Central America to escape high levels of criminal violence.
Migrants such as Oscar and his daughter face long waits to apply for asylum at the US' shared border with Mexico as American officials enforce a policy of "metering", which limits the number of people who can apply each day.
That system has contributed to growing numbers of migrants crossing the border illegally to hand themselves to the authorities and ask for asylum.
Mexican officials pledged to do more to halt the flow of migrants to the US after President Donald Trump threatened to slap tariffs on the country's exports this month unless it tightened procedures.
The perils of the journey weighed heavily on Ms Ramirez as Oscar and his young family set off for the US. Now, she said, her primary concern is bringing their bodies back home.
US officials told Congress on Wednesday (June 26) that they did not have adequate staffing and facilities to handle the surge of migrants seeking asylum, making it harder to intercept drug smuggling and staff customs operations at ports of entry.