Mass exodus as Hurricane Irma eyes Florida, batters Cuba

People continue to evacuate as Hurricane Irma heads towards the the Florida Keys in Key Largo, Florida on Sept 8, 2017.
People continue to evacuate as Hurricane Irma heads towards the the Florida Keys in Key Largo, Florida on Sept 8, 2017.PHOTO: AFP/GETTY IMAGES
The roads are empty after most residents have already evacuated as Hurricane Irma heads towards the the Florida Keys in Key Largo, Florida on Sept 8, 2017.
The roads are empty after most residents have already evacuated as Hurricane Irma heads towards the the Florida Keys in Key Largo, Florida on Sept 8, 2017.PHOTO: AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Workers put plywood over the windows of Yisell Bakery on Calle Ocho in the Little Havana neighborhood ahead of the expected arrival of Hurricane Irma in Miami, Florida, USA on Sept 8, 2017.
Workers put plywood over the windows of Yisell Bakery on Calle Ocho in the Little Havana neighborhood ahead of the expected arrival of Hurricane Irma in Miami, Florida, USA on Sept 8, 2017.PHOTO: EPA
A man searches for materials to place on the windows of his home in preparation for Hurricane Irma in Immokalee, Florida, US on Sept 8, 2017.
A man searches for materials to place on the windows of his home in preparation for Hurricane Irma in Immokalee, Florida, US on Sept 8, 2017.PHOTO: REUTERS
Residents use scavenged materials to protect their home in preparation for Hurricane Irma in Immokalee, Florida, US on Sept 8, 2017.
Residents use scavenged materials to protect their home in preparation for Hurricane Irma in Immokalee, Florida, US on Sept 8, 2017.PHOTO: REUTERS
The skyline is seen as the outerbands of Hurricane Irma start to reach Florida on Sept 9, 2017 in Miami, Florida.
The skyline is seen as the outerbands of Hurricane Irma start to reach Florida on Sept 9, 2017 in Miami, Florida.PHOTO: AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Cubans carry their belongings to protect them from the arrival of Hurricane Irma, in Caibarien, Villa Clara province in central Cuba, 330 km east of Havana, where the hurricane is expected to hit on Sept 7, 2017.
Cubans carry their belongings to protect them from the arrival of Hurricane Irma, in Caibarien, Villa Clara province in central Cuba, 330 km east of Havana, where the hurricane is expected to hit on Sept 7, 2017.PHOTO: AFP
Delfinario Recreation Center Cayo Guillermo staff members take care of the dolphins of the center before their transfer to the province of Cienfuegos, before the arrival of Hurricane Irma, by the northern cayie of Ciego de Avila, Cuba on Sept 8, 2017
Delfinario Recreation Center Cayo Guillermo staff members take care of the dolphins of the center before their transfer to the province of Cienfuegos, before the arrival of Hurricane Irma, by the northern cayie of Ciego de Avila, Cuba on Sept 8, 2017.PHOTO: EPA
An official collects the names of the people affected by the passage of Hurricane Irma, in the territory of Fort-Liberte, Haiti on 08 Sept 2017.
An official collects the names of the people affected by the passage of Hurricane Irma, in the territory of Fort-Liberte, Haiti on 08 Sept 2017.PHOTO: EPA
A boy takes cover from the rain in the Shada neighbourhood, in Cap-Haitien on Sept 7, 2017, as Hurricane Irma approaches.
A boy takes cover from the rain in the Shada neighbourhood, in Cap-Haitien on Sept 7, 2017, as Hurricane Irma approaches. PHOTO: AFP

MIAMI (REUTERS) – Hurricane Irma pounded Cuba’s northern coast on Saturday (Sept 9) and barrelled towards Florida’s Gulf Coast as authorities scrambled to complete an unprecedented evacuation of millions of residents hours before the storm lashes the state.

Irma, one of the fiercest Atlantic storms in a century, was expected to rip through the Florida Keys archipelago on Sunday morning. It will make landfall on the Florida peninsula somewhere west of Miami on a track that would take it up the state’s west coast, including Tampa, forecasters said.

Irma, which has killed at least 22 people in the Caribbean, was likely to inflict billions of dollars in damage in one of the most populous and fastest-growing states.

It could bring winds in excess of 160kmh and a storm surge up to 4.6m high along the state’s west coast, which is expected to trigger flooding.

The hurricane could rival any storm in Florida’s history, with the storm surge generating flooding along the entire west coast, Governor Rick Scott said.

“Think about that: 15 feet is devastating and will cover your house,” he said at a Saturday morning news conference.

Irma, located 314km south of Miami on Saturday afternoon, still ranked as a Category 5 storm when it crashed into Cuba during the morning. It gradually weakened to a Category 3 storm as it bumped along the island’s northern coastline, downing power lines, bending palm trees and sending waves crashing over sea walls.

Maximum sustained winds dipped to around 201kmh by 11am  on Saturday (8pm Singapore time), the US National Hurricane Centre (NHC) said.

But Irma is expected to regain strength as it steams over warm waters south of Florida, according to the NHC. It was unclear if it would regain Category 4 or even Category 5 status, the highest ranking possible.

On Florida’s west coast, a long line of people in Estero, north of Naples, lined up to enter an arena that officials converted into an evacuation shelter, one of hundreds that have opened up across the state.

To the east, Luise Campana Read was one of those who chose to ignore warnings and stay in her home. She said by phone she planned to ride out the storm in her beachfront condo in Fort Lauderdale, with her elderly mother and other family members.

“With a 97-year-old, there was no way I was going to have her sleep on a cot or a blow-up mattress” in a shelter, she said.

Later, some communities on Florida’s east coast lifted evacuation orders when Irma’s projected path edged west.

In Cuba, the destruction along the Caribbean country’s north central coast was similar to that seen on other Caribbean islands over the last week as Irma plowed into Ciego de Avila province around midnight.

It was the first time the eye of a Category 5 storm had made landfall since 1932, state media said, and the island’s Communist government ordered the evacuation of more than 1 million people, with most sheltering with family and friends.

“We are praying to God and the Virgin of Charity that nothing grave happens to the people of Florida, and in particular Miami,” said Antonia Navarro, 56, an office worker in the northern Cuban port town of Nuevitas in Camaguey.

“We have to pray a lot for our relatives who live there.”

THIRD OF FLORIDA

Officials in Florida have ordered a total of 6.3 million people, or about a third of the state’s population, to evacuate, creating massive traffic jams on highways and bringing huge crowds to shelters set up around the state.

In Palm Beach, President Donald Trump’s waterfront Mar-a-Lago estate was under evacuation order.

The outer band of Irma was already whipping south Florida with winds of more than 48kmh on Saturday, and the governor said thousands of people in the state were without power.

About nine million people in Florida may lose power, some for weeks, said Florida Power & Light Co, which serves almost half of the state’s 20.6 million residents.

The window for people in evacuation zones to flee was drawing to a close on Saturday morning, officials said, warning petrol stations would soon be without fuel and bridges would be closed in some areas.

“You can’t play chicken with this thing or try to outrun the storm,” US Senator Marco Rubio of Florida said at a news conference.

“The last thing you want to be is out there, on the road, trying to get away from the storm, as this thing is zig-zagging around.”

Rubio acknowledged some people had fled their homes only to arrive in areas expected to be in the storm’s path, but he advised people in that situation to hunker down.

That was the case for Chris Cardona, 54, and his wife Laurie, who left their mobile home near Miami on Thursday to seek refuge with friends near Tampa. “Not only did we go west, but so did Irma. She’s tracking us, that feisty minx,” Cardona said by phone.

The United States has been hit by only three Category 5 storms since 1851, and Irma is far larger than the last one in 1992, Hurricane Andrew, according to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Fema).

Hurricane Irma could cause insured losses of between US$15 billion and US$50 billion in the United States, catastrophe modeling firm AIR Worldwide said on Saturday.

HARVEY, IRMA AND JOSE

Irma was set to hit the United States two weeks after Hurricane Harvey, a Category 4 storm, struck Texas, killing about 60 people and causing property damage estimated at up to US$180 billion in Texas and Louisiana. Officials were preparing a massive response, the head of Fema said.

Amid the exodus, nearly one-third of all gas stations in Florida’s metropolitan areas were out of gasoline, with scattered outages in Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina, according to Gasbuddy.com, a retail fuel price tracking service.

Mandatory evacuations on Georgia’s Atlantic coast and some of South Carolina’s barrier islands were due to begin on Saturday. Virginia and Alabama were under states of emergency.

The governors of North and South Carolina warned residents to remain on guard even as the storm took a more westward track, saying their states still could experience severe weather, including heavy rain and flash flooding, early next week.

As it roared in from the east, Irma ravaged small islands in the northeastern Caribbean, including Barbuda, St Martin and the British and US Virgin Islands, flattening homes and hospitals and ripping down trees.