In a few months' time, going to lunch or rushing to class could mean hopping on a driverless shuttle bus for Nanyang Technological University (NTU) students.
The vehicle, which can travel at speeds of up to 40kmh, is able to take 24 people at a time on a 500m route connecting student halls with the main academic areas.
Ferrying up to 300 passengers a day, it will encounter obstacles such as pedestrians and traffic, all vital input for the machine to learn how to get around in the real world.
Yesterday, the university signed a deal with Dutch firm 2getthere and SMRT Services - the transport operator's operations and maintenance arm - to introduce the buses to NTU's campus.
In April 2016, SMRT formed a joint venture with 2getthere to bring driverless vehicle systems to Singapore and the region, acquiring a 20 per cent stake - worth $6 million - in the Dutch company later that same year.
Since November last year, the bus has been on test runs along a 350m route between two student halls on the NTU campus, safely carrying about 4,000 passengers in total.
There are big plans ahead for it to eventually traverse the entire campus and beyond - connecting NTU to neighbouring CleanTech Park.
To help it "see" its way around, the bus is equipped with cameras as well as lidar (light detection and ranging) and ultrasound sensors. Small magnets embedded in the road act as navigation guides.
The bus can get through heavy rain and knows to avoid pedestrians, said 2getthere chief technology officer Sjoerd van der Zwaan.
The university campus provides a useful testbed before such systems can be made part of the nation's public transport system, said NTU president Subra Suresh.
The autonomous vehicle will also be integrated into Jalan-Jalan, an app that integrates various transport modes such as e-scooters and shuttle buses on campus.
The app - developed by mobilityX, a start-up backed by SMRT - is being tested on NTU's campus and at CleanTech Park, following a partnership last August between the university, JTC and mobilityX.
The start-up aims to begin rolling out the app in phases islandwide by the end of the year.
Within the next two months, mobilityX will begin testing a mobile wallet that will allow commuters to pay for various modes of transport from a single app.
By the third quarter of this year, the firm aims to have it available on a larger scale, said mobilityX chief executive Colin Lim.