Parliament

Fewer deaths by suicide this year after its decriminalisation

There were 166 deaths by suicide from January to September this year, down from 304 during the same period last year, Minister of State for Home Affairs Desmond Tan told Parliament yesterday.

He gave these preliminary figures in response to Mr Murali Pillai (Bukit Batok), who asked how many suicides had been recorded and how many attempts at suicide the police and Singapore Civil Defence Force had intervened in since it was decriminalised.

Mr Murali also asked how the decriminalisation of attempted suicide had improved the situation for those tempted to take their lives.

Attempted suicide was decriminalised by the Criminal Law Reform Act last year, with the amendments coming into effect at the start of this year.

Mr Tan said yesterday that the police were called to help with about 1,800 cases of attempted suicide or thoughts of suicide from January to September this year.

From 2017 to last year, the police received about 1,200 reports of attempted suicide a year.

However, Mr Tan pointed out that the two figures cannot be compared as the 1,800 cases so far this year included people who had suicidal thoughts but did not actually act on them.

He said: "The criminal justice system is not the best way to deal with persons who have attempted suicide. Such persons are often under severe distress."

He added that the decriminalisation of attempted suicide reduces stigma and encourages suicidal people to seek help early.

"The reasons for suicide are multifaceted and complex. Hence, the Government has been continuing our efforts to prevent suicides, and we will continue to monitor the situation and adjust our approaches to better assist suicidal persons."

Dr Wan Rizal Wan Zakariah (Jalan Besar GRC) asked if mental health services in polyclinics could be made open to walk-ins rather than based on appointments or referrals, in order to reduce treatment delay.

In response, Senior Minister of State for Health Janil Puthucheary said people with mental health concerns who turn up at polyclinics will be given a preliminary assessment by doctors.

The polyclinic doctors will also provide appropriate management for those seeking help, including referring them to mental health services if necessary.

Aside from polyclinics, more than 220 general practitioners have been trained under the Mental Health General Practitioner Partnership Programme to identify, diagnose and manage those with mental health issues in the community.

Dr Wan Rizal also asked what the Ministry of Manpower (MOM) had done to ensure emotional and mental health wellness at workplaces.

Senior Minister of State for Manpower Zaqy Mohamad said that aside from an advisory on supporting the mental well-being of workers under Covid-19 work arrangements earlier this year, MOM will be releasing a tripartite advisory to guide employers on good workplace practices to promote workers' mental well-being later this year.

He also highlighted a number of existing programmes and resources that employers can tap, including the iWorkHealth online self-assessment tool to identify common workplace stressors.

"MOM will continue to work with our partners to educate and gain the support of employers to further promote workers' mental well-being at the workplace," he said.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on November 05, 2020, with the headline 'Fewer deaths by suicide this year after its decriminalisation'. Print Edition | Subscribe