SINGAPORE - Second Minister for Finance Indranee Rajah and Minister of State for Trade and Industry Low Yen Ling addressed MPs' questions about inflation and the goods and services tax (GST) hike in Parliament on Tuesday (Jan 11). Here are edited excerpts of the questions and answers:
Mr Liang Eng Hwa (Bukit Panjang):
Given the series of cost increases in recent months and with perhaps more to come, and that we are still in this pandemic fighting mode, would the Government consider delaying the GST increase to avoid adding to inflationary pressure?
Second Minister for Finance Indranee Rajah:
There are two distinct aspects of that question. One is, can we delay the date that GST takes effect? But the second, and the much more important question is, can we delay the impact of that increase on Singaporeans?
For the first one, we had announced in Budget 2018 that we plan to raise the GST by 2 percentage points from 7 to 9 per cent and it will be some time from 2021 to 2025. Then the pandemic came along. So we said in 2020 that the GST rate increase would not take place in 2021, in direct recognition of the hardship felt by people.
It's not something we can put off forever, but the exact timing was something we have to think about. In deciding the timing for the GST hike, we are carefully considering all the overall economic conditions. The economy is recovering steadily, and barring fresh disruptions, it should grow in step with global economic recovery. And we expect GDP to grow by 3 to 5 per cent in 2022.
This brings me to the second question, which is irrespective of whatever date GST takes effect, can we delay the impact on Singaporeans? We have designed it such that, yes, we can delay the impact on Singaporeans.
Through the Assurance Package for the majority of Singaporeans, we will delay the impact for them effectively by five years. And for the lower income, the impact on them will be delayed effectively for 10 years. So the date that it takes effect and the date that the impact is felt are two separate things, and we will continue to look out for the low-income households and the majority of middle-income households.
Mr Ang Wei Neng (West Coast GRC):
Will MTI work with some ministries to coordinate some of the increases where it's within the control of the Government? For example, electricity prices that affect a majority of people. Even the coffee shops are now using that as an excuse to increase drink prices.
Minister of State for Trade and Industry Low Yen Ling:
The Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI) and Competition and Consumer Commission of Singapore (CCCS) take a tough stance against profiteering and we keep a very close watch on prices. MTI monitors the general price movements through the Department of Statistics, the CPI (consumer price index) survey, and where necessary, MTI also monitors the prices of specific goods.
If you recall, about 20 months ago, between January and May 2020, there was a surge and very, very high demand for masks. During that period, MTI and CCCS swung into action. We monitored the prices of the masks on a weekly basis. We took proactive actions and sought price information from e-commerce platforms. That helped shape behaviour by the retailers and organisations.
Mr Louis Chua (Sengkang GRC):
Back in 2006, the Government had put in place a freeze in fee increase for one year after the GST increase. This time round, will the Government consider a similar freeze?
We will do our best, but we cannot defer fee increases forever. If and when we do have to have fee increases, we will do our best to ensure that Singaporeans are supported and buffered against such increases.
Mr Leon Perera (Aljunied GRC):
Inflation affects different demographic groups differently, so I'm wondering if MTI is studying and will publish CPI indicators for different demographic groups. For example, parents with young children will have expenditures on diapers and milk powder, which other demographic groups will not. Elderly people living alone, empty nesters, will have certain healthcare expenditures that other groups do not.
We monitor the CPI-All Items inflation based on different household income groups. That allows us to work with the Ministry of Finance to design the necessary targeted assistance for the relevant segments based on household income.
In the third quarter of 2021, the CPI-All Items inflation came in at 1.9 per cent year on year for the lowest 20 per cent income group, 2.2 per cent for the middle 60 per cent income group, and 3 per cent for the highest 20 per cent income groups. This shows that households in the lowest 20 per cent income group experienced lower inflation compared to the other income groups.
Leader of the Opposition Pritam Singh (Aljunied GRC):
Is the Government veering towards the formation of anti-profiteering committees as a way to track prices and how they affect our people on the ground? What has been the Government's progress on lowering regulatory costs for businesses as a way of combating inflation?
The first strategy is working hard to keep our economy competitive, to create good-paying jobs that generate real wage growth for Singaporeans. It's about providing conditions for companies, especially local SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises), to sustain income growth that outpaces inflation.
Where necessary, we will intervene in terms of monitoring prices. It is also about lowering barriers to entry where possible so Singaporeans enjoy competitive prices.
We remain focused on diversifying our sources of supply, expanding our sources of food supply.
Mr Saktiandi Supaat (Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC):
Can the Government assure Singaporeans that we can continue to monitor the situation and decide on targeted measures to help specific groups?
On the question of whether we will continue to design targeted measures, the answer is yes. We've been taking feedback, we're looking to see what we can do to support households, and that is something that members can look towards in Budget 2022.
Correction note: This article incorrectly quoted Minister of State for Trade and Industry Low Yen Ling on how the Ministry of Trade and Industry monitors general prices movements and has been amended.