Poll on female Islamic religious teachers

IMDA orders social media platforms to remove online poll

It says such content is prohibited under Internet Code of Practice, has no place here

The authorities have asked that a poll to rate the attractiveness of ustazah, or female Islamic religious teachers, with a view to committing sexual violence against them be removed from social media platforms here.

Yesterday, the Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) said the poll constitutes prohibited content under Singapore's Internet Code of Practice, and has no place here.

The poll on social media platform MeWe came to light on Wednesday, and is under police investigation.

"A poll on local female asatizah (religious teachers)... promotes sexual violence or sexual activity involving coercion or non-consent. Such content is unacceptable and has no place in Singapore," said IMDA.

It has contacted MeWe to remove the offending poll if it still remains on the platform. IMDA has also spoken to other social media platforms to ensure that the post does not surface there.

Minister for Communications and Information Josephine Teo said in a Facebook post yesterday that the poll was "revolting", and that she condemned it in the "strongest terms".

"Whoever is behind this isn't just trying to be funny. They have designed a deliberate exercise to demean women, and especially women who have dedicated themselves to upholding their faith," said Mrs Teo, who also chairs the People's Action Party's Women's Wing.

The MeWe poll was first highlighted by Ustaz Muhammad Zahid Mohd Zin late on Wednesday in an Instagram post.

MeWe allows users to post comments, start polls, message one another and have group discussions.

Many netizens, including other asatizah, have since uploaded similar screenshots of the post to criticise it. The screenshots show at least 12 ustazah being ranked, with 1,005 participating in the poll.

The Straits Times understands that about 20 to 30 ustazah were ranked in it.

The Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (Muis) said on Thursday that it was aware of the post, which had caused "immense distress" to the individuals involved, and was very concerned by it.

It also lodged a police report.

Other Muslim groups have also spoken out against the poll.

The Singapore Muslim Women's Association said on Thursday that it stood in solidarity with the women who are affected by the poll, which it called "deplorable and unacceptable".

The group said that it was shocked at how more than 1,000 people had voted in the poll, and it urged the authorities to investigate the matter thoroughly so that the perpetrators are held accountable and counselled.

Several netizens have alleged that those who started the poll were students studying to become asatizah, and have urged Muis to not accredit them.

The Singaporean Students Welfare Assembly in Egypt told ST that it had published a letter on Wednesday to show that it does not condone such acts, and that it stands with the people who have been affected.

Beyond The Hijab, a website focusing on the experiences of Muslim women in Singapore, said on its Twitter account: "We are very disturbed by the fact that the group is allegedly comprised mostly of undergrads of Islamic studies and therefore potential future teachers.

"This is not behaviour that teachers, as people in positions of power, should have. It would not be safe for (their) students."

Mrs Teo joins several leaders who have spoken out strongly against the poll on Thursday, including President Halimah Yacob.

She said her ministry will continue to work on protecting women and girls from online harm.

"Whether offline or online, respect and safety for women must be the norm. There should be no question about it," Mrs Teo said.

Parliamentary Secretary for Communications and Information Rahayu Mahzam said she deeply appreciated the clear stance from IMDA that offensive content like the poll has no place in society.

Noting there is much online harm faced by women and girls that often goes unaddressed, she said her ministry has been working on a Singapore Together Alliance for Action workgroup to discuss, co-create solutions and act against such harm.

"An overarching theme that surfaced during our discussions is the importance of cultivating a culture of respect for Singaporean women both online and offline," she said.

"Behaviours that perpetuate sexual harassment must be condemned. I hope Singaporeans, both men and women, will work towards a safer and more responsible online culture in Singapore - and with mutual respect for all."

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on May 29, 2021, with the headline 'IMDA orders social media platforms to remove online poll'. Subscribe